本单元围绕“Scientific achievements”这一中心话题，从科学家、科学假说、科学理论、科学探索等方面设计听、说、读、写等一系列教学活动。“Warming up”部分设置了三个问题，要求学生就重要的科学成就进行讨论，从而帮助学生认识重要的科学成就，了解科学成就对社会发展、人类进步的重大贡献，同时激发学生热爱科学、投身于科学研究的热情，探索科学研究的方法。“Listening”部分设计了两道材料问题和一道开放性的情景话题。主要培养学生捕捉和筛选信息的能力，然后要求学生在一定语言输入后进行语言输出，旨在培养学生的想象能力和应用能力，通过自己的语言体会重大科学成就的意义。“Speaking”部分重点训练表达意图和愿望的日常交际用语，以五人小组的活动形式组织学生扮演科学家的角色，陈述各人的研究方向并阐明其重要性来申请科研经费。“Reading”部分为一篇介绍中关村的形成、发展及其重要意义的记叙文。通过对文章的理解，学习中关村人的创业精神。“Language study”部分由词汇和语法两部分组成，该部分不仅教授了四种构词法知识，更鼓励学生通过四项练习，运用构词法知识提高阅读能力。“Integrating skills”部分设计了一个阅读和写作的练习，在学生了解四大科技成就及其重要性后，要求学生略加扩充写一篇最伟大的科学成就的文章。“Tips”部分提出了说服性写作必须论点明确、论据充分，为写作提供了写作方法。
1）要求学生掌握必要的单词、词组和句型：solar, constitution, private, grasp…It’ likely that…, make it possible for sb to do sth…,etc.
2）掌握一定量的表达“wishes and intentions”的交际功能用语。
Period 1 Warming-up & listening
Goals: 1. Get the Ss to talk about what science and scientific achievements have affected the world to stimulate them to further efforts.
2. Cultivate the students’ ability of listening for information.
Task 1.Greeting: Have a free chat with the Ss about their holidays to present the topic scientific achievements
Task 2. Match the scientists and their scientific achievements （group work）
Alexander Bell electricity
Thomas Edison the First telephone
the Wright Brothers‘ the electric Lamp
Madame Curie black holes in Universe
Franklin Theory of Gravity
Steven Hawking the First Plane
Elbert Einstein Radium
Isaac Newton the Theory of Relativity
Task 3. Talk about scientific achievements
1) How have the scientific achievements changed the world?
2) Which one do you think is the most important? Why?
3) What are some other scientific achievements that you think are important?
4) Do these achievements have anything in common? If so, what?
Task 4. Discussion (pair work)
Is this an easy job to achieve success in science research? What makes a scientist?
Task Get to know Neil Armstrong, Alexander Gramham Bell, Ray Tomlinson and Armchimedes.
Task 1. Listen to part 1 and complete the chart below.
“That’s one small step for a man , one giant leap for mankind
“Mr Watson, ______________;
I want you.”
Alexander Graham Bell
Can you explain Tomlinson’s message?
Task 2 .Listen to part 2 and complete the sentence below.
1.The word “ “ are famous because they are the
of The Constitution of the United States of America.
2.Eureka is a word from the language and means
3.If you ask a father, he might say : “ “
If you ask a mother, she might say : “ “
四、Post-listening (group work)
Language input: As what you have heard just now, some words become famous not because they are beautiful or wise but because they are spoken when a great new scientific achievement is being announced or made. If you are lucky enough to be the first person…., what would you say?
Task: Choose one situation and then share with your partners.
A the first person on Mars
B the first cloned human being
C the first person to travel in time
1 Listen to the tape, finish the listening part on WB (p81).
2 Preview the reading passage.
Period Two Speaking
Goals:1.Learn and master the useful expressions
2.Train the students’ listening and speaking abilities.
3.Talk about scientists and scientific achievement, urging the students to further understand the significant of science and scientific achievement and encouraging them to work hard at their lessons.
Another new year began. Have you got any wishes/ plans? What are they? With your plan made, what intentions have you got? In this way the following expressions are aroused.
If I got the money, I would…
My plan is to…..
I hope that…
I would rather….
How I wish…
I want / wish/ hope / intend/ plan to…
I’d like to…
I’m thinking of…
I’m going to….
I have decided to…
二、Speaking (group work)
Situation: Four scientists ,each of whom is working on an important project, want to get money to complete their project. Each scientist will introduce his or her project and explain why it is the most important. The organizer will listen to all the scientists and ask questions. At the end of the discussion, he or she must decide who will get the money and why.
You and your team are working on a cure for AIDS. Your research is extremely important because .
Your research project is about cloning and how to use the new technology to cure diseases. Your project is important because .
You want to development new technology that will make it possible to grow food in areas where there is very little water. This is important because .
You are working on sending a manned spaceship to Mars. This is a very important project because .
1.Just now you did a very good job in acting as a scientist. Do you want to be a scientist? If so, which field are you interested in? If not, what do you want to be? Use the expressions of wishes and intentions to talk about your dream.
2. Imagine you are a reporter who is going to report the space hero about his wishes and intentions. Take turns acting as interviewer and interviewee.
1. Interview your parents about their wishes and intentions using the expressions we learent.
2. Preview the reading passage.
Period 3&4 Reading
Goals: 1.Learn and master the following words and phrases. likely, private, master, perfect, arrange, set foot (in), rely on, failure, locate, valley.
2.Train the Ss’ reading ability.(Read for general information and detailed information.)
3.Get the Ss to learn about Zhongguancun――China’s Silicon Valley.
1.Are scientific achievements important? How do they improve our daily life? How do they improve society?
2.Why do scientists spend so much time trying to achieve something?
3.As is known to us, scientific achievements can not only make our life better, but also promote the development of mankind and society. So I want to run a hi-tech company, what should I arrange for? What kind of support and environment would I need?
4.What if I set up my company in Zhongguancun ? How much do you know about Zhongguancun?
5.Do you know the sign “Lenovo”? Where is it located?
1. Fast reading
Task: Read the text quickly and try to find information about Zhongguancun to finish the chart below.
Task 1 : Get to know the outline of the text
1.Does this article have a topic sentence? What is it?
2.What are the supporting ideas?
be home to
Zhongguancun: Center be home to
be home to
Task 2: Get to know detailed information
1.Why did Xiang Yufang study abroad and work abroad for a few years？
2.What made it possible for Xiang Yufang to return to China?
3.How does Zhongguancun affect business?
4..What are the two mottos mentioned in the text for the park?
三、Listening & Questions
Task: Listen to the tape and finish the True or Fasle.
Choose the correct answers. There may be more than one correct answer.
1.According to the author, Zhongguancun is home to .
A. some famous research institutes and universities B. many IT companies
C. more and more returned overseas Chinese D. a number of science parks.
2.What is NOT true about Zhongguancun?
A. It is located in Haidian District, in northwestern Beijing.
B.It was set up as a special economic zone in the 1990s.
C. Most of its companies are doing IT business.
D. It is not a good place for new companies.
3.According to the reading, Xiang Yufang returned to China and opened a company in Zhongguancun because .
A. he wanted to see more of the world
B. he enjoyed working with the best scientists in his field
C. he could enjoy his work and contribute to his country at the same time
D. he missed his friends and family
4.According to the graph in the passage, how many of the people who work in Zhongguancun have a master’s degree or above?
A. 25,000 B. 30,000 C. 35,000 D. 180,000
5.How is ‘failure” understood in Zhonguancun?
A. There are fewer failure in Zhongguancun
B. Many of its researchers and scientists will try hard not to fail.
C. Failure is a necessary part of being successful.
D. The best thing about failure is that you learn every time you fail.
五、Discussion (group work)
Language input: In this class, we’ve learned more about Zhongguancun by reading the passage. As a new center of science and technology, it is known to the world. It is sometimes called “China’s Silicon Valley”. Do you know “Silicon Valley”? Where is it? When was it set up? Why was it set up?
Task: Work in groups of four to compare these two science parks and find out in which ways they are similar and different. You can refer to the following chart.
When was it established?
Why was it established?
Where is it?
What kinds of companies are located there?
What are some famous companies?
Why do people want to work there?
1. Pick out some sentences you enjoy most, & try to recite them as possible as you can .
2. Consult the following websites.
Period 5 Language Study
Goals: 1.Learn some words which are the closest in meaning.
2.Study the ways of forming a word.
3.Study the meaning of some affixes and stems.
Task . Introduce Zhongguancun
Task 1. Use the clues below to guess the words
1.the opposite of “public” 2.a synonym of “depend”
3.the lowest or bottom part 4.of the sun
5.an organization for educational or research purpose.
6.unusually large person, animal, plant.
7.area or region with a particular feature or use.
8.without any fault or bad points.
Task 2. Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the underlined part of each sentence.(P5)
Task: Study the words on the screen and find out the ways of forming a word. (class work)
International=inter + national telephone= tele + phone
Mankind=man + kind broadband=broad + band
Extremely=extreme + ly manned=man + ed
Hi-tech=high + technology e-mail=electronic mail
IT=information + technology CSA=Chinese Space Agency
affixation: international, telephone, extremely, manned
Compounding: mankind, broadband
clipping: hi-tech, e-mail
abbreviation: IT, CSA
Task 1. Finish the Exx2-4 to understand how the words are formed.(P6)
Task 2. Get to know the meaning of stems and affixes. (pair work)
. Look at the stems and affixes on the screen. Match each of them with the right meaning on the right.
vis- more than usual
Task 3. Word formation makes it easy for the Ss to guess the meaning of words using
Use context clues and what you know about word parts to guess the meaning of the underlined words.
a.Many countries import most of the oil they use.
b.He studied biophysics at college.
c.It is very important to learn how to cooperate with others.
d.All you luggage will be transported to the destination by train.
e.My cousin has an excellent voice. Her dream is to become a superstar.
Read the news article and tell how the words in bold are formed (pair work)
1. Finish off the exercises on the workbook.(p83-84.
2. Preview integrating skills
Period 6 Integrating Skills
Goals: 1.Learn and master the new words and phrases
2.Train the Ss’ integrating skills, especially reading and writing skills.
1. Ask the Ss to find some examples for each way of forming a word?
2. Guess some new words with the help of word formation.
a. The average output of the factory is 20 cars a day.
b. She has written good essays before, but this one is substandard.
c. He is a kind of intellectual superman.
d. The lack of a common language made it very difficult to intercommunicate .
e. Transplant the seedlings into peaty soil.
3.Lead in: Human beings are creative, and many scientific achievements have been made in our history. What great inventions do you know in China’s history? What red hot achievements do you know?
1. What plan has helped Chinese scientists make many breakthroughs?
2. Which scientific fields are mentioned in the text?
三、Careful reading (group work)
Work in groups of four . Use what you have learnt from the text to complete the chart below.
1. Which words in the text can we use to describe scientific achievement?
2. Situation: Do you know Modern Science? They are thinking of writing an essay about the greatest scientific achievement but they find it difficult to decide . Write a short essay in about 150 words, telling them which achievement you have chosen and explaining why you think so. The following outline may be helpful to you.
Introduction: state your view
Outline body : give your reasons (at least 2)
Using the assessing part on P.87, Ss are helped to review what they have learned or done in this unit learning. In this way they can learn to reflect and pay attention to their weak points in the later learning (the evaluation items can be adapted if appropriate).
- Zhongguancun is the new center for Chinese science and education
- Within the next ten years, more than a hundred scientific and hi-tech companies moved into Zhongguancun.
- Xiang Yufang studied abroad because he felt comfortable abroad.
- More than 8,000 hi-tech companies in Zhongguancun. More than half of them are IT companies.
- Zhongguancun park is home to Lenovo and Founder and more than 20 famous national companies.
- The researchers and scientists know that the spirit and creativity they represent are no more than money.