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Unit 4

时间: 2008-08-03 栏目: 高三英语教案


高中英语新教材Unit 4教案
高一新教材温州市说课组:鲍艳华 吴爱武 朱婷婷 郑允贤

指导师:郑秋秋

一.教学目标

理论依据:《新课程标准》(实验稿)

根据《新课程标准》(实验稿)关于总目标的定位及其实现途径和目标具体描述,结合高一学生实际和教材内容,我们把本单元的教学目标定为:

1) 语言知识:

单词:理解、内化、运用以下生词:seismograph; iceberg; King Tut; // roar; fright; crack; // bookworm; couch potato; workaholic;// Buddha; agent等,扫除听读障碍,重点掌握一些传神动词:advance; seize; sweep; swallow; drag; pull; flow; shake; strike; struggle等。

词组:get on one’s feet; tree after tree

语法:复习和运用定语从句用于描述人、物及事件。

2) 语言技能:

听:听懂一个关于不幸经历的小故事,抓住时间、地点、人物、发生的事件

说:能用得体语言描述人、物、事件,并且有一定的逻辑。

读:Scanning, skimming, careful reading, generalization; inference等阅读微技能训练。

写: 能运用First, Next, Then, Finally简要且富有逻辑地描写自己的一次难忘经历。

3) 学习策略:学生一定程度形成自主学习,有效交际、信息处理、英语思维能力。

4) 情感态度:学生能在多种英语学习情景中分享自己的幸与不幸,体验用英语交流的成功与喜悦,以及培养合作精神、互助精神。

二.教学重点和难点:

重点:1. 课文中出现的重要动词,如:advance, seize, sweep, swallow, strike, struggle, drag, flow, shake, 及词组 get on one’s feet, pull oneself, tree after tree etc.

2. 用关系代词who, that, whom, whose等引导的定语从句 .

3. 用副词 first, next, then, finally 来描述一场难忘的经历.

难点: 能用得体的英语表达自己,描述过去的难忘经历。

三. 教学方法

根据我们几年来二语习得论、“整体语言教学”的理论和实践,以及当前教学改革,课程改革等先进理念,为达成上述教学目标,运用任务型教学途径,我们英语课堂设计采取“P---T---P”自主学习立体模式:(Pre-task----Task-cycle----Post-task)。

四. 教学安排

根据学生学习英语的特点和规律,学习阶段的侧重点以及高一学生的发展,我们把本单元划分为6课时:听力、口语、阅读(2课时)、语言(0.5课时)、写作、评价(0.5课时)。下面请看我们的课堂教学设计。

Period I warming up and listening

Ⅰ、教材内容及教学目标

本课处于本单元的第一课时,主要训练和提高学生‘听’的技能,它的掌握有利于以下几课的‘说’、‘读’和‘写’的技能训练,并作了一个很好的铺垫.本课的听力材料由两部分组成,主要讲述Hank Stram在地震前所做、地震中所见、所闻和所感的令人难忘的经历。通过完成练习,学生能抓住所听语段中的关键词、理解话语之间的逻辑关系、听懂故事、理解其中主要人物和事件以及他们之间的关系等。而且学生能掌握较好的听力方法,如积极预测、注意抓关键词、善于跳跃难点、学会做笔记等等。通过本课学习学生能复习定语从句以及学会正确使用指人或物的关系代词.

Ⅱ、教学设计

A. Warming up :

Task 1 Matching competition (group work)

Column A Column B

1、 Fu Jian Province a、a cartoon maker

2、 San Francisco b、the electric lamp

3、 Alexander Bell c、the first telephone

4、 Thomas Edison d、earthquake

5、 Albert Einstein e、typhoon

6、 Walt Disney f、the Theory of Relativity

Question: Why do you think so ?

Task2: Looking at the following pictures, find out the answers to the questions:

1) Do you know who or what they are ?

2) What made them unforgettable?

3) Can you describe each picture using one sentence( with the help of the words under the picture)

Task 3: Let the students describe each picture with Attributive Clause.

eg: Zhang Heng is the man who made the earliest seismograph in 132.

B. Pre-listening

Task1: Before listening , let the Ss guess the possible answers to the following questions according to the situation: (group work)

1) When did the earthquake happen?

2) Where was the man driving when it happen?

3) What was he going to do?

Listening(Part 1):

Task 2: Listening to the tape to get the correct answers to the above questions.(for the first time)

Task 3: Listening to the tape to put the following into the right order.

 ( ) 1. I stopped the car and at the same time the road fell onto the cars in front of me.

( ) 2. I was hungry so I started to eat one.

( ) 3. I saw the cars in front of me start to move from side to side.

( ) 4. I had finished work and then gone to the Post Office.

( ) 5. I slowed down ,then my car started to shake.

( ) 6. I stopped off at a shop in order to get some fresh fruit.

( ) 7. I drove even slower, then the road above started to fall down.

Task 4: Letting the Ss listen to the tape again, then try to retell the story simply, using their own words.

Task 5 : Discussion (Group work)

What would happen to Hank Stram finally?

Listening (Part 2)

Task1: Listening to the second part to choose the best choices(for the first time)

1. Which part of his body hurt badly?( C )

A. The bottom parts of his legs

B. The bottom parts of his hands.

C. The bottom parts of his legs and feet.

2. What could he hear below him?( B )

A. Nothing B. Shouts and noise C. The noise of cars

3. How long had he been in the car?( A)

A.14 hours B. 40 hours C.4 hours

Task 2: Listening to the tape again to write the words in the spaces.

1. I ________ myself in the dark.

2. Then I remembered what______.

3. It was clear to me now that I ______ in an earthquake.

4. Then I ________ people________ towards me.

5. A team of people______ to see if anyone _____ under the broken road.

C. Post-listening:

Task 3: Discussion

What made him survive in such a terrible accident?

Period 2 Speaking

Ⅰ、教材内容及教学目标

本课着重培养学生‘说’的技能, 通过复习、学生自我介绍、解说图片、自编对话等手段来巩固定语从句中指人的关系代词who or whose 的用法,达到能有条理地描述个人体验和表达个人的见解和想象、能传递信息并就熟悉的话题表达看法、能用英语进行语言实践活动。它的掌握是一个很好的过渡阶段―――进入‘读’和‘写’的技能训练.

Ⅱ、教学设计

Pre-task: 活跃学生用英语交流的思维, 通过复习引出本课的重点---定语从句中指人的关系代词who or whose 的用法 。

Activity 1. Revision

Task: Talking about Hank Stram and his unforgettable experience.

Ask some Ss some questions about Hank Stram and his unforgettable experience first, then write down two sentences on the Bb:

1. A man whose name was Hank Stram was caught in the earthquake on October 17th , 1989 in San Francisco.

2. Hank Stram was a lucky man who was rescued after he had been in his car for 14 hours.

Purpose: 1、活跃学生用英语交流的思维。

      2、通过复习引出本课的重点---定语从句中指人的关系代词who or whose 的用法 。

Activity 2 Chain Games (Group work)

Task: Introduction Guess

As the Ss don’t know each other very well in the same class when learning this unit, let one of the group introduce others in his group to let the other groups to guess, the introduction must be a sentence, using the Attributive Clause—who or whose

(Game Rule: Each introduction will only be guessed once ,if no one get the answer, the introducer should declare the student’s name.)

Purpose: 1、用游戏的形式能刺激学生用英语进行语言实践活动。

2、活跃课堂气氛,真正发挥学生的主体作用。

Task-cycle: 通过看图说话,学会正确使用定语从句。

Activity 1. Describing the pictures ( group work)

 Task1: Describing the pictures in the book----Pictrue1、Picture5、 Picture6、 Picture3 ( group leaders report, using who or whose)

Task 2: Describing some pictures about the natural disasters, such as Fire、Earthquake、Typhoon and Flood.

( In task 1, after the student finish talking about Picture 3---- Betty’s parents have been married for more than 25 years who live in New York, their hobby is watching TV. The teacher ask the Ss : “Do you want to know what they like to watch best?” Then present the pictures about the natural disasters. )

Purpose: 1、培养学生积极用英语进行交流和沟通,发挥合作精神。

     2、培养学生看图说话的能力,从而提高‘说’的技能。

Activity 2. Creating dialogues (pair work)

Task: Each pair choose two of the pictures and create their own dialogues.

(using at least one Attributive Clause)

Purpose: 1、培养学生善于利用各种机会用英语进行真实交际。

     2、增强学生的自信心,丰富想象力和独到的见解。

     3、了解英语国家与中国的生活方式的不同。

Activity 3. Enjoying the video

This video is about the most terrible disaster this year----SARS, some doctors are treating patients, struggling against SARS)

Task 1: To enjoy the video, finding out something that moved you deeply.

Purpose: 1、能传递信息并就熟悉的话题表达看法

2、能有条理地表达个人的见解和想象, 从而提高‘说’的技能.

Task 2: Interviewing--- group work( suppose one is the doctor, the others are going to interview him)

Purpose: 1、能用英语进行语言实践活动。

2、能用恰当的方式在特定场合中表达观点,从而使‘说’的技能的训练进一步提升。

Post-task: 评价学生课堂表现,学生表演对话

Activity : Act out dialogues

Period 3 &4 Reading

Ⅰ、教材内容

这是新教材高一上第4单元的阅读课型。本课围绕难忘的经历这一主题,描写洪水来临时的凶猛及Jeff与Flora在这次经历中的体验。本课词汇量大,尤其在描写发洪水时,文章运用大量的动词及一些原汁原味的表达。另外文章中还出现许多定语从句,定语从句是本单元的语法重点。根据新课程标准及高一学生的知识、语言能力水平,我们制定以下教学目标:

Ⅱ、教学目标:

1、理解和掌握一些新词汇如:roar、mass、fright、rack、boom、advance、seize、destroy、sweep、swallow、drag、struggle、flow、strike,etc.

2、 理解定语从句,如:

1) Before she could move, she heard a great noise, which grew to a terrible roar.

2) She looked at Jeff who waved his arms.

3) There she saw big mass of water that was quickly advancing towards her.

4) Flora, whose beautiful hair and dress were all cold and wet, started crying.

尤其是whose引导的定语从句及间隔性定语从句。

3、学生在一定程度上提高阅读微技能和用英语思维、推理、判断的能力。

4、能用First、Next、Then、Finally来口头陈述事件。

Ⅲ、 教学设计

A. Warming up:

Task 1:Talking about natural disasters

1. What natural dters did you talk about yesterday? Do you know some others?

2. Have you ever experienced one of these disasters? Can you describe what it was like and how you felt?

B. Pre-reading

Task 2: Looking and guessing:

1. What can you see in the picture?

2. What happened to them finally?

3. What words will you use to describe this disaster?

C. Fast reading

Questions:1.What natural disaster did Flora and Jeff suffered? (Flood)

2. What rescued them? (Chimney)

D. Careful reading

Task 3: Dividing the whole passage according to the change of the places.

Para 1:In the garden

Para2:On the way to the house

Para3:Inside the house

Task 4: Imagination

Question 1:What was the house like? ( B )

A、a flat B、a house with two floors

Question 2:What words support your idea?

Task 5 :Reading for the second time and finish the following diagram
places flood reaction feelings                      

Task 6 Imaging the end of the story

E. Practice for understanding and word study

F. Consolidation

Task 7、Retelling the story according to the diagram:

Post reading

Task : Discussion.

1、 Will the disaster change Flora and Jeff’s life? How?

Expanded reading: The Day That Changed My Generation

Read the material and do some exercises.

Homework:

写阅读笔记

阅读格式卡

                                        Date: Unit  (    ) Lesson(    ) General idea: Contents: Comment: 板书设计

Unit 4 Unforgettable experiences   places flood reaction feeling first in the garden roar, advance wave, shout run surprised puzzled next on the way to the house sweep, swallow, flow seize,  drag , go down, open, pull ,look into, hold, struggle frightened then inside the house strike move up destroy climb, cry   hopeful

Finally:

F V I F S E I Z E M OFYKHNGYOJ HIDRAGDPTX YFENKICUBS TSSIEBFLOW ASTRUGGLEA KERRABNVQL JZOFIHYNPL BXYZOKCGTO ADVANCEFIW   F V I F S E I Z E M OFYKHNGYOJ HIDRAGDPTX YFENKICUBS TSSIEBFLOW ASTRUGGLEA KERRABNVQL JZOFIHYNPL BXYZOKCGTO ADVANCEFIW  

F V I F S E I Z E M OFYKHNGYOJ HIDRAGDPTX YFENKICUBS TSSIEBFLOW ASTRUGGLEA KERRABNVQL JZOFIHYNPL BXYZOKCGTO ADVANCEFIW  

Period 5 Language study & Grammar(half period)

I、教学设计

Task 1. Word puzzle I. Find out ten words that describe the flood and fighting against the flood in the puzzle. One of them has been found out.

Task 2. Words in different situations

Word study about “advance” and “strike” (individual work)

Judge the different meanings of “advance” or “strike” in the following sentences:

1.The hunter advanced toward the bear carefully.

2.A month has passed but the project has not advanced.

3.He worked so well that his boss advanced him to a higher position.

4.The date of the meeting was advanced from June 10 to June 3.

5.The boy struck the pig with a stick.

6.The workers were striking for higher pay.

7.Typhoon Swan struck Hainan, killing 20 people.

8.On New Year’s Eve, we waited for the clock to strike.

Task 3. Finish the exercises in the text.

Task 4. Talking about people and things, using Attributive Clause

First, let students find out some words about things quickly like clock, homework, coat, chocolate, bag, flood, fire, etc from the exercise of word study and describe them as the following example: (pair work)

A clock is a machine that/which tells time.

Second, let students find out some words about persons quickly such as teacher,

parents, doctor, mother, child, soldier and thief and describe them like this: (pair work)

A teacher is a person who/that teaches you how to learn.

Third, finish Exercise 2 of Grammar orally. (individual work)

Task 5 . Expanded reading

1.Read the following passage about fire and find out the Attributive Clauses in it and try to understand the use of the relative pronouns. (individual work)

2. Reading comprehension

Task 6. Finish Exercise 1 of Grammar. (individual work)

Homework

Preview the next reading material and find out the Attributive Clauses with who, whom, that, which, whose, where and the linking words and and but.

Period 6 Writing & assessment(1.5 periods)

Ⅰ、教学内容与教学目标

学生通过学习一篇四川之行的游记范文,能根据写作步骤提示,用First, Next, Then, Finally组织材料写一篇自己亲身游记(unforgettable trip),并能写出一两个含定语从句的句子。

根据克拉申(krashen)的输入假说:“写是输出的过程,是在前面多方式、多渠道的足够可理解输入的情况下,而达到的自然输出。根据我们前面提出的P----T----P自主学习立体模式,我作如下设计。

Ⅱ、教学设计

Pre-task:激发背景知识,明确写作要求,主题目的、写作步骤

Activity 1. remind of the unforgettable experiences

In our daily, many things are unforgettable. They are worth writing down. For example, (显示画面)a disaster; a war; a match; a speech; a film; a famous person; a talk with somebody; a trip; etc.

(目的:承上启下,激发写作情境)

Activity 2. travel around our country.

For me, going on a trip is really unforgettable because it is exciting and there are a lot to see in our motherland. Look at the pictures and guess where it is.

Beijing; *The Great Wall; *Mount Huangshan *Mountain Emei; *Hainang Seaside; etc. (Or local places of interests.)

(目的:为阅读做准备;欣赏美丽河山,激发写作欲望;)

Activity 3. A trip to Sichuan

During the first week of May, the three boys went on a holiday to Sichuan. Read and find what made the writer unforgettable. (Buddha in Leshan; Monkeys on Mount Emei.)

Read again and answer the following questions:

1. Why did they choose to go to Leshan and Emei?

2. How did they get to the top of the mountains?

3. What did they do before the trip?(First, Next )

4. What did they see and do on Leshan?

5. What did they see and do on Mount Emei?

Pair work: Retell the trip to Sichuan, with the help of the following:

During the first week of May I went on a holiday to Sichuan. First….Next….

The next day…Leshan

The next morning …Emei

Finally…

(目的:可理解的输入为写作做语言上的准备)

Task-cycle: M-M-C practice ① mechanical practice

(学生活动:朗读;找词;找句型)

Find the sentence with the following meaning:

1) 我找出一些成都附近名胜的照片。

2) 我接着打电话给一旅行社,我在报纸上发现它的号码。

3) 我们带了几瓶水,一些苹果和橘子,装入我的包里。

4) 我们先去乐山,在那里我们一直爬到山顶看佛像。

② meaningful practice

(学生活动:模仿性造句;仿写作文)

围绕Unforgettable trip主题用which; whose; where等造句。

③ communicative practice

(学生活动:回答问题;连句成文;润色)

1. First, students quickly write down 20 short sentences about their trip, with the help of questions in the text.

2. Next, students try to put the sentences in order, using “First, Next, Then, Finally”

3. Then, students write the story, using linking words and relative pronouns.

Post-task:作文展示、交流评价(同伴评价,课堂集体评价,教师评价) 同伴评价实际上是合作形学习的一种形式,其重要理论基础就是考卡夫(Kafka, K)最早提出的“群体动力理论”(group dynamics)。

四、 教学评价

通过评价,使学生在英语课程的学习过程中不断体验进步与成功、认识自我、建立自信、调整学习策略,促进学生综合语言支用能力的发展。评价也能使教师获得英语教学的反馈信息,对自己的教学行为进行反思和适当调整。为此,本单元的评价包括以下几项:

1、 把阅读格式卡存入学生学习档案夹:

阅读格式卡                                         Date: Unit  (    ) Lesson(    ) General idea: Contents: Comment:

2、 形成性评价

3、 单元终结性评价

Ⅰ. Multiple choice

1. — A ship makes me unforgettable after I saw a famous movie.

— Do you mean the ship, Titanic, ______ sank after hitting an iceberg?

A. who B. which C. whose D. where

2. — Do you know Zhang Heng?

— Is he the man _______ made the earliest seismograph in 132?

A. who B. he C. whose D. which

3. Flora, _______ garden was swallowed by the flood, was crying.

A. who B. that C. whose D. where

4. On the top of Leshan, there is a really big Buddha, in front ________ Wei Bin took photos of us.

A. its B. on which C. from which D. of which

5. — Three young school boys were ______ by the water when swimming on a hot afternoon!

— What a bad accident!

A. swallowed B. swept C. got D. caught

6. The lamplight ______ out through the heavy fog, which gave travelers a light of hope.

A. struggled B. dragged C. turned D. found

7. On October 17th, 1989 a strong earthquake _____ San Francisco and killed over 100 people.

A. advanced B. took place C. struck D. seized

8. Look, the baby lion, which was just born two days ago, is trying to ______ its feet.

A. get on B. get onto C. get up D. get in

9. Trees ______ badly during the terrible storm.

A. pulled B. shook C. destroyed D. flowed

10. Tree after tree was ______ by the water, which must have been three metres.

A. cut up B. cut down C. cut off D. cut in

Ⅱ. Cloze test

What an unforgettable day! At the moment Flora was so surprised at the big _11_ of water which was advancing quickly towards her in her garden that she couldn’t move. Jeff rushed to seize her arm and they ran together to the house. _12 they got to the house, the waves _13_ them down twice. Jeff pulled Flora up with a lot of difficulty, _14_ onto a tree that grew against the wall. The water, _15_ was cold as ice and flowed faster than a river, was above her knees. They looked into each other’s faces, _16_.

The chance of being rescued was slim. They opened the door to the hall and got the chance to climb _17_ to the second floor. The water moved up like a sea. Flora started crying. The house would fall down!

They had to find the 18_ because it would stand. Jeff looked out of the window. Tree after tree _19_. The garden was completely destroyed, swept away by the wild water. A terrible noise went through the house. Before the whole house went down in the _20_, they saw the chimney.

11. A. group B. collection C. mass D. crowd

12. A. Before B. After C. Until D. Once

13. A. cut B. swept C. pulled D. went

14. A. cracking B. flowing C. holding D. catching

15. A. which B. it C. that D. where

16. A. frightened B. surprised C. relieved(松口气) D. excited

17. A. downstairs B. upstairs C. above D. under

18. A. tree B. hall C. tower D. chimney

19. A. swept away B. swallowed C. went down D. pulled down

20. A. storm B. flood C. earthquake D. fire

Ⅲ. Translation. Put the Chinese into English to complete the following sentences.

21. The climate ___________________________(全球的科学家们在担心的) is becoming warmer and warmer.

22. We feel as if the earth were in the greenhouse ______________________(由玻璃做成的).

23. The scientist ___________________________(他的研究是关于温室气体的) is doing an experiment.

24. We find it hard to find an interesting place__________________________(那里天气不

会太热的) in Africa.

25. People ______________________(生活在沙漠地区的)lead a hard life.

26. Pollution, _______________________(给人类带来重大灾难的), is said to be one of the main causes of global warming.

Key:

21. (that/which) scientists all over the world are worrying about

22. that/which is made of glass

23. whose research is about greenhouse gases

24. where it is not too hot

25. who live in the desert

26. which brings man terrible disasters

4、 单元测试学生自我评定表
单元名称 Unit _______ 失分     错解题号     错解原因       仍存疑点     对策   5、 任务型活动:配图说明。找出记一次外出游玩的系列照片,制成小册,配以英语说明,然后全班展示。