Body language

时间: 2008-08-03 栏目: 高二英语教案


manage; wave; nod; realize; agreement, disagreement; while, manners; communicate; make sb….;body language; one another; not all…
May / Could / Can I do that?
I wonder if I can do that.
Would / Do you mind if I come earlier?
Will you tell me if can go now?
Yes, please. / Of course. / Sure. / Certainly.
Go ahead, please.
That’s all right. / OK.
It’s all right to me.
I’m sorry, but it’s not allowed here.
You’d better not.
I’m afraid not. It’s not right.



  This lesson is to use offer help and how to accept and refuse help. While the Ss learn about the way of expression from the dialogue. Give some phrases to practise how to use and grasp better the ability.

  This two materials about body language and train the Ss' abilities of reading and speaking. Though reading the passages, the main idea is to have difference body languages of the countries. For example; welcome, agreement and disagreement, no, yes, happy, so on. Meanwhile the two passages offer the Ss the opportunity to talk about the body language of China , British and other counties.

  The teacher give the Ss the questions bout the dialogue firstly. For example: If you need some help , how do you offer them to help? So on.
  The teacher help the Ss to listen in order to understand well, after that the Ss speak and talk each other according the content of the dialogue., So the teacher organize some students to play a role about offers, or divide a few groups to discuss. Finally the teacher summarize the useful expression of the dialogue.

  He couldn't accept our suggestions but our gifts.他们不能接受我们建议但接受了我们的礼品。
  She was very glad to accept the invitation.她非常愉快地接受了邀请。
  He did not receive a good education at university.他没在大学受过良好教育。
  I received an invitation to the party yesterday, but I refused to accept it.昨天我接到一份参加晚会的邀请,但我拒绝了接受。

each other与one another
  这是两个在词义和用法上极为接近的短语。有些语法家认为:each other只能用于两者之间;one another只能用于两者以上。但是,在现代英语的实际使用中,人们会发现:each other也可用于“两者以上”;one another也可用于“两者之间”。
  I think music is one way people can get to know each other better.
  The husband and wife sat down at the table facing one another.
each other和one another可交互使用。但one another侧重两以上的互相;而each other则侧重两人之间的互相较为常见。

manage to do sth.和try to do sth. 用法区别
try to do sth. 意思是“尽力,设法去做某事”,结果如何,不得而知,而manage to do sth.,则表示“设法做成了某事”
Jim had a lot of homework, but he managed to finish it before bedtime.吉姆有很多家庭作业,但终于在睡觉前完成了。
Jim had a lot of homework, but he said he would try to finish it before bedtime.吉姆有很多家庭作业,他说他他将设法在睡觉前完成。
She managed the house very well.她把家管得很好。
Who will manage the store when you are away? 你不在的时候谁来经营商店?
It's too heavy, but I can manage it.虽然它很重,但是我能搬动。
I don't think we can manage a huge fish like that just between the two of us.我看单是我们两个人吃不了这么大的一条鱼。
If you can get the material, we can manage the money.如果你们搞到了原料,资金我们能想办法。

all与not连用构成not all或all...not时,通常表达的是一种部分否定,而不是全部否定,因此,课文中的“Not all body language means the same thing in different countries.”应当译成:“并非所有的身势语在不同的国家里都有相同的意思。”本句陈述了一个这样的事实:有些身势语在不同的国家有着相同的意思;在有些国家有些身势语却有着不同的意思。因此,上述句子不可以理解成:“所有身势语在不同的国家都有着不同的意思。”
1) 部分否定:
(1)Not all the boys in our class like football.我们班里的男生并不都喜欢踢足球。
(2)Not all of the songs are liked by children.不是所有这些歌曲都让孩子们喜欢。
2) 全部否定
(1)None of the boys in our class likes football.
或:No boys in our class like football. 我们班的男生都不喜欢足球。
(2)None of the songs is/are liked by children. 这些歌都不能让孩子们喜欢。

With an old hunter leading the way, the soldiers started towards the forest. 由一位老猪人带路,士兵们朝着森林走去。
1)With the problems solved, they closed the meeting. 随着问题的解决,他们结束了这次会议。
My father likes to sleep with all the window open.我父亲喜欢开着所有窗子睡觉。
Tian An Men Square looks even more beautiful with all lights on. 所有的灯都亮着,天安门广场显得更加漂亮。
(4)with + 宾语 + 不定式
With a lot of work to do, we had to be busy working day and night. 有这么多的工作要做,我们只得日夜忙碌。
With many things to deal with, I have to stop listening to the light music. 有许多事要处理,我只好停止收听轻音乐。
(5)with + 宾语 +介词短语
She saw a small river with green grass and red flowers on both sides. 她看到一条小河,两岸长满了红花绿草。
The teacher entered the classroom, with a book in his hand. 老师手里拿了一本书走进了教室。
The teacher with a book in his hand is a new English teacher. 手里拿着一本书的那位老师是一位新来的英语老师。

句型:It is / was + adj. / n. +真正的主语
常用此句型的形容词有:clear, true, strange, obvious, (im) possible, (um) fortunate, good, funny, wonderful, (un) usual, pleasant, easy等;常用此句型的名词有:a pity, a wonder, one's duty, a mistake, no use, no good, a waste等。
1)用for或of引起的短语作不定式的逻辑主语,如for sb. to do sth. 或of sb. to do sth.
It's important for a Chinese to master a foreign language.
It's impolite of you to spit on the ground.
2)在no use, no good, a waste of...useless等词后,常用v.-ing(短语)作真正的主语
It's no use trying it again.
It's strange that you should all think like that.
It's a problem whether the meeting will be held tomorrow.

(1)作主语:To see one time is better than to hear a hundred times.
e.g. It is a great honour for him to be invited to the big party.
(2)作表语:A nurse's duty is to look after patients.
(3)作宾语:I don't know which one to buy.
Marx gave some advice on how to learn a foreign language.
(4)作定语:She is always the first to come and last to leave the classroom.
Give me some paper to write on, please.
(5)作状语:The pupils ran over to welcome the foreign guests. (表目的)
What have I said to make you so sad? (表结果的)
The children jumped with joy to hear the exciting news. (表原因)
(6)作宾补:I wish you to be happy forever.
注:在watch, notice, see, look at, observe, hear, listen to, feel, let, make, have等感观和使役动词后的不定式复合结构中,不定式都不带to; 在help后既可带to,亦可省to.
e.g. In those days, the landlord made them work day and night.
e.g. In those days, they were made to work day and night.
教学设计方案----Lesson 9

Teaching Aims
phases: manage, dining room, type composition
oral expression:
Can I help you?
Would you like….?
Is there anything I can do for you?
Thanks/ Yes, please.
That’s very kind/ nice of you.
No, thanks. I can manage it myself.
That’s all right, thank you.
No, thank you. Thanks for all your help.
Teaching Aids
1.a tape recorder 2.a projector 3.the blackboard
Teaching Procedures
StepⅠ Leading in
T: What do we do if we have something to tell others or if we want to learn something from the others?
S: Yes,we use our language
T: That is,either spoken language or written language.But actually,there is another kind of language and it is also very important.Do you know what it is?
S: Yes,that is it.That is the body language.
T: Can you tell me something about body language?For example,if you agree with what I said just now,what do you do?And if you don’t agree with what I said,what do you do?
S: Nod and shake head
Step II Listening
1.The teach give some questions before listening
1) Do the speakers know each other?How do you know?
2)If you want to refuse somebody’s offer politely,what would you say?
2.Play the recorder one or twice, please someone answer the above questions
Key:1)No,they don’t.One is the organizer of a conference and the other is a speaker and the dialogue takes place at the airport.
2)No,thank you.Thanks for all your help.
Step III Reading
Play the recorder again, the Ss follow it twice.
Step Ⅳ Performing
The two students make up of one group, they practise the dialogue three or five minutes. The teacher ask several groups to perform in front of the class.
StepⅤ Language points
The teacher direct the Ss conclude the phases to offers and responses of the dialogue. The teacher request the Ss to master and handle them.
StepⅥ Oral practice
The teacher organize two students to be one group. Let the Ss to practise No. 2 of Page 9.
StepⅦ Practise
The Ss can chose one of the dialogue. After a few minutes, the teacher ask two groups to perform in front of the class.
Situation 1:Someone has got a broken bicycle.He asks for your help.And you offer to repair this bicycle.
Situation 2:You offer to fix one’s TV set.
Situation 3:You offer to check one’s computer.
StepⅧ Consolidation
1.Do Ex1.P83. WB. Go through the pictures and then ask them to talk about the pictures orally.
2.Do Ex2 and Ex3 in Class
StepⅨ Homework
Make up a dialogue and write it down in their exercise books.



教学设计方案Lesson 10

Teaching Aims

Learn and master the following

make oneself done



kiss sb. goodbye/hello

It is/was+adj./n.+inf.

with+compound object.

Improve the Ss’ ability of reading comprehension

Teaching Difficult Points

Some sentences are hard to understand.

Teaching Methods

Question-and-answer activity to help the Ss to go through with the whole text.

Pair work or group work to make every student work in class.

Fast reading to find out the detailed information about the text.

Teaching Aids

1.a tape recorder

2.a projector

3.the blackboard

Teaching Procedures


Greet the whole class as usual.

Step Ⅱ Revision

Ask some pairs of Ss to act out their dialogues of No. 1 on Page 75. Revise some expressions of offering or accepting or refusing help.

Step Ⅲ Preparation for Reading

1.T: What do we say in English when we meet someone for the first time?

Ss: Hello!/How do you do?

T: What else can we do?

(Teacher makes a handshake gesture.)

Ss: We can shake hands.

T: Do you know what people do in other countries when they meet for the first time? Today we are going to

read how people behave when they meet or talk to others.

First, look at the title. Do you know the meaning of body language? Look at me, please.(Teacher begins to

silently nod, shake his or her head, smile, frown, wave to the class.)

T: Do you understand Body Language? OK. Let’s learn some new words in this lesson.

Show the new words in this lesson on the screen, and then give the Ss brief introduction.(Here left out.)

Ask the Ss to read the text as quickly as possible and try to answer the following question.

―How do the Chinese and British have similar body language?


Step Ⅳ Reading

Let the Ss read the text again, then answer some detailed questions in the text.

Show the questionnaire on the screen, ask them to read and discuss them in pairs or groups to complete the task.

3.Check the answer with the whole class.

And deal with the following.

(1)She couldn’t make herself heard.

(2)I cannot accept you as my assistant.

(3)He is not English, but American.

(4)They kissed goodbye when they went away. She kissed her mother hello as soon as she got home.

(5)It is possible to do the experiment in another way.

It is our duty to help the poor.

(6)With a boy leading the way, they started towards the village.(Adverbial)

The old man with his eyes looking at the sky came from Shanghai yesterday.(Attributive)

Step Ⅴ Comparison

T: Now we know different people have different ways of making communication? through body language. And not all the body language means the same thing in different cultures. Please read the text again, then fill in the blanks of the table.

Suggested Answers(Here left out.)

Step Ⅵ Workbook and consolidation

Play the tape and let the Ss listen to the text.

Deal with the exercises of No. 2-3 on Page 76.

Step Ⅶ Summing-up

Help the Ss sum up what they have learned in this lesson. Write them on the blackboard.

Step Ⅷ Homework

Read the text again and learn the ABC of Body Language by heart.

Record After Teaching


The Design of the Writing

On the Blackboard

教学设计方案Lesson 11

Teaching Aims

Learn and master the following.

(1) keep away

(2) a certain +n.

(3 )make sb./ sth. +adj.

Improve the Ss’ ability of reading comprehension.

Language study―the infinitive.

Teaching Difficult Points

the usages of the infinitive

Teaching Methods

Question-and-answer activity to help the Ss to go through with the passages.

Pair work or group work to make every student work in class.

Fast reading to find out the detailed information about the text.

Teaching Aids

1.a tape recorder

2.a projector

3.the blackboard

Teaching Procedures

StepⅠ Greeting

    Greet the whole class as usual.

StepⅡ Revision

Ask some students to retell the contents of the reading passage in Lesson 10.

Step Ⅲ Preparation for reading

T: Yesterday we learned something about body language. Today we are going to read more about it. For

example, how close people stand when they are talking together. Is it good manners to stand very close to your friend? Let’s read and find out.

Show the new words on the screen, and give brief introduction to the Ss.(Here omitted.)

Ask the Ss to read the text as quickly as possible and find out the answer to the upper question.

Step Ⅳ Reading

Ask more questions on the reading passage. Let the Ss read the passage again and answer the questions.

Check the answer with the whole class. And deal with the following. Show them on the screen.

(1)Keep away, or I’ll call the police! 

Keep away from that house. There is a dangerous dog there.

(2)There is a certain distance between the village and the bus station.

He must be waiting for you at a certain place.

    (3)This lamp made the room  as light as day.

What he had done made his father angry.

Stress the usage of the infinitive. Take the first sentence of the text for example. “It” is formal subject,

real subject is the compound structure of the infinitive.

Step Ⅴ Practice and Consolidation

Play the tape and let the Ss listen carefully.

Show the passage (No. 1 on Page 77) on the screen and let the Ss fill in the blanks.

Deal with Part 2. Teacher does one or two sentences orally in each part as an example, then let the Ss

work in pairs, making up suitable sentences.

Suggested Sentences:

Part 1  Part 2  Part 3  (Here omitted.)

Step Ⅵ Practice and Discussion

Deal with Part 3. First go through the example with the whole class. Then let the Ss work in pairs. In the

end ask some pairs to act out in front of the class.

Suggested dialogues:(Here omitted.)

Deal with Part 4. Take it up in class if time permits.

Step Ⅶ Workbook

Deal with exercises 2 and 3 on Page 77.


Read the text again and finish off the workbook exercises left.

Record After Teaching


The Design of the Writing

On the Blackboard



教学设计方案Lesson 12

Teaching Aims

Review the grammar―the infinitive

Do some listening.

Do some writing.

Teaching Difficult Point

    It’s difficult for us to train and improve the Ss’ ability of listening comprehension.

Teaching Methods

Listening-and-choice activity to help the students to go through with the listening material.

Individual or pair work to train the Ss’ writing ability.

Teaching Aids

1.a tape recorder

2.a projector

3.the blackboard

Teaching Procedures

StepⅠ Greeting

Greet the whole class as usual.

Step Ⅱ Revision

Check the homework exercises

Deal with checkpoint 3. Revise the use of infinitive in Lesson 11. Show the following on the screen and

stress the usages of the infinitive.

Grammar―The Infinitive

They don’t like to be  too close to one another.

They will move back to keep a certain distance away.

Would you like me to do something for you?

Have you got anything to say?

It is a pleasure to meet  you.

Waving one’s hand is to say “Goodbye”.

I don’t know how to communicate  with foreigners.

Step Ⅲ Preparation for listening

T: Listen to me carefully. I’m going to say “Hello” to two friends.

(Teacher says “Hello” to a friend in a quiet and flat tone, and to another in a loud and rise-fall tone.)

T :Now you can guess which friend I haven’t seen for a long time.

Ss: The second one.

T: How do you know?

S: From the way you speak.

(Then teacher teaches the word “intonation”. After that, teacher tells the Ss the following.)

T: Yes. Intonation is very important in English. Today we are going to hear people talking about English and intonation.

Step Ⅳ Listening

Let the Ss close books. Listen to the tape carefully. After that let them open the books, turn to Page 133 to do the listening exercises. If they are not sure about some question. We can play the tape again.

Step Ⅴ Writing

Deal with Part 2. Tell the Ss to fill in the gaps, writing one word for each gap. And tell them the method. Don’t start filling until they read the whole passage.

Suggested Answers:

1.customs  2.which/that  3.invited  4.advice  5.manners  6.refuse  7.by  8.to  9.polite  10.good  11.guests  12.bottle  13.box  14.not   15.not  16.after  17.day  18.host

Step Ⅵ Discussion and Writing

Deal with Part 3. First briefly revise the points about customs and habits in Lesson 10 and 11.

Go through the task with the Ss and let them work in groups of four.

Ask some Ss to make a report of their group discussion to the whole class. Collect ideas on the


Deal with Part 4. Ask the Ss to use the notes on the Bb as a basis for the writing exercise. Tell them that they can arrange their writing in sections.

Step Ⅶ Workbook and Revision

Deal with the exercises on Page 78.

Time permitting, do the exercises on Page 79.


Finish the exercises left.

Record After Teaching


The Design of the Writing

On the Blackboard

Lesson 12

Grammar: The Infinitive






1.play a role
If you're a stanger to come this city,but you want to visit your friend and know how to get to the hospital,how do you use body language to communicate with others ? For example, you meet a police man, first of all you can shake hands or wave with him. You touch your stomach and show your painful feelings, then you sign the cross in the front of him. So on. Ask someone to play in front of the class.

In our County ,how to greet when we meet each other ?Different ages have different ways. Such as old men and young men , men and women Please give some examples to talk about that.
Express an opinion

3.Men Kiss each other: In some of these countries, such as France, men will usually only kiss male members of their family. On very formal occasions, such as a ceremony or a meeting of national leaders, the men will kiss. Normally, the kiss is on each cheek. How do you think about that? How to compare the customs in China and France?