文件 high2 unit9.1.doc
标题 Saving the Earth (拯救地球)
另外，通过学习语法中的过去分词作表语和定语，可以更好地表达自己的思想，形象地描绘事物的景象。如：He was tired . (他累得精疲力竭。) 这里的 tired 就是过去分词作表语，说明主语的状态。
Agreement & Supposition (同意与推测)
● 同意和推测功能套语 30 句
1. It is a good idea to do … 干……是个好注意
2. I agree to your plan .
3. That\'s quite true .
4. That\'s what I was thinking .
5. You are probably right .
6. I couldn\'t agree more . 我完全同意。
7. I can\'t help thinking the same . = I think exactly the same . 我就是这么想的。
8. I agree completely / entirely / thoroughly / strongly . 我完全同意。
9. That\'s exactly my own opinion . = I\'m of exactly the same opinion . 我持完全相同的意见。
10. I don\'t think anyone would disagree . 我想没有人会不同意。
11. If we go on polluting the world , it won\'t be fit for us to live in .
12. He must be 25 . 他一定 25 岁了。
13. He can\'t be 30 years old . 他不可能 30 岁了。
14. I think / suppose / guess he must come from a poor family .
15. Obviously / As a result , she lives in the lonely house . 很明显她住在偏僻的房子里。
16. If he left at eight , he would have arrived by now . 如果他 8 点动身，现在就该到了。
17. I am pretty sure that the lady was disappointed .
18. It seems clear to me that we are getting lazy in our old age . 人老了渐渐地懒惰起来，这一点在我看来很清楚。
19. Don\'t you think she\'s a bright student ? 你不认为她是个聪明的学生吗 ？
20. You\'d agree with me , wouldn\'t you ? 你同意我的看法，不是吗 ？
21. I wonder if you would agree with me .
22. So do I . 我也一样。
23. I think / suppose so . 我想是这样的。
24. I agree with much of what you said , but things are not so easy .
25. Certainly . = Sure . = No problem . 没问题。
● Model Dialogues 交际示范
A：Which is more difficult , science or English ?
B：Science , I think .
A：I quite agree with you . I also think science is as interesting as English .
B：No , I can\'t really agree with you . In my opinion , science is more interesting while English is less difficult .
A：Maybe you are right . But you can\'t drop science because it\'s very important .
B：No , I won\'t .
Smoking can bring damage to your health . 吸烟会损害你的健康。
The fire has badly damaged the building . 大火严重地烧毁了这座楼房。
(1) cause / do damage to sth 给某物造成损失，damage 的前面可以加表达程度的形容词 great , much , serious , heavy , bad , a lot of , a great deal of , slight , little ，注意不用 small 。
The storm did much damage to the crop . 暴风雨对农作物造成许多损害。
No damage was done to the ship . 船没有受到损害。
He did a lot of damage to the team . 他做了许多有损于该队的事。
(2) damage 作可数名词是“赔款，赔偿费”。
The insurance company has paid us damages . 保险公司已经把赔款付给了我们。
对比：The insurance company has paid for the damage . 保险公司已经赔偿了损失。
(3) damage 含对某物的部分损坏，有时用于借喻中。
Do away with the bad habits that might damage yourself . 去掉那些有损你形象的坏习惯吧。
2. fit 作形容词是“适合的，能胜任的”。作动词是“使适合，合身，相配，吻合，安装”。作名词是“合身得体的衣服”。
She is not fit to look after the old . 她不适合照看老年人。
（正）This pair of shoes fits me well / perfectly . 这双鞋我穿着很合适。
（误）This pair of shoes fits for me well / perfectly .
（正）This pair of shoes fits well / perfectly . 这双鞋很合适。
This coat is a good fit . 这件大衣很合身。
Will you please help me fit a new door ? 你能帮我装个新门吗
(1) be fit for + 名词是 “适合……”。be unfit for + 名词是“不适合……”。
My niece is just the girl , who is fit for this job . = My niece is just the girl , who is fit to do this job .
Her son is unfit for the position , isn\'t he ? 她的儿子不胜任那个职务，是吗 ？
(2) fit 作表语时其后的不定式用主动形式代表被动形式。作形容词还表达“健康的，身体好的”。
（误）This kind of food isn\'t fit to eat . 这种食物不能吃。
（正）This kind of food isn\'t fit to be eaten .
I hope you are keeping fit . 我希望你保持健康的体魄。
Keep fit and study hard . 注意身体，好好学习。
(3) fit 指大小、形状的合适，引申为吻合、协调。suit 指合乎需要、口味、条件、地位，以及花色、款式等与某人的皮肤、气质、身材或身份相称。match 多指大小、色调、形状、性质等的搭配。
This new jacket fits her well . 这件夹克很合她的身。
对比：This new jacket suits her beautifully . 这件夹她穿着真漂亮。
That colour suits you best .
Try the new key and see if it fits the keyhole .
Does this time suit you ?
No dish suits all tastes .
当表示“使……适合”的意思时，fit 常与 for 连用；suit 常与 to 连用。
His experience fits him for the job .
He suited his speech to his audience . 他使自己的演讲适合于听众。
The People\'s Great Hall and the Historical Museum match the Tian An Men beautifully . 人民大会堂和历史博物馆把天安门陪衬得极为美丽。
3. area 面积，地区，区域。可以指任何一个地区。
There are various kinds of wild animals in this area .在这个地区有各种各样的野生动物。
His farm covers a large area .
Some areas of the town is very dirty .
a desert area 沙漠区， an occupied area 被占领区，an earthquake-stricken area 地震灾区
(1) have / cover an area of 占地……
This park covers an area of 1,000 mu .
(2) in area 从面积上讲
China is the largest country in Asia in area .
(3) with an area of 拥有……的面积
Our school is one with an area of 500 mu .
China is a country with an area of 9．6 million square kilometres . 中国领土面积达 960 万平方公里。
(4) 区别 area , region , district
It is easy to find the area of the city where the wealthiest families live . 很容易找到城市中最富有的家庭居住的地区。
The area surrounding the North Pole is called the Arctic region . 北极周围的地区称为北极区。
This country has nine autonomous regions . 这个国家分为九个自治区。
The busiest shopping district in Beijing is around Wangfujing Street .
Have you ever been to the District of Columbia ?
4. cattle 牛（总称）；家畜。
He has 5 ( head of ) cattle on the farm . 他在农场有 5 头牛。
Cattle feed on grass . 牛以草为食。
cattle 是具有生命意义的集体名词，表复数时其后不要加 -s 。类似的还有：folk 人们，people 人们，人民，police 警察，poultry 家禽，force 人员.
The cattle are running along the hillside .
The police are after the thieves .
Only the people are the greatest .
5. living 活着的，现存的
They didn\'t find any living things on the moon , did they ?
He is believed to be one of the best living novelists . 他被认为是当今最优秀的小说家之一。
测试要点：区别 living , alive , live , life ,
● alive ; living ; live ; lively ; life ; lives
1. alive [[\'laiv] 意为“活着”，侧重说明生与死之间的界限，既可指人，也可指物；可用来作表语，后置定语或宾补。虽有死的可能，但还活着。例如：
The badly wounded soldier was still alive when taken to the hospital .
He is dead , but his dog is still alive . 他死了，但他的狗仍然还活着。
No man alive is greater than he . 在活着的人中没有人比他更伟大了。(注：此时 alive 含有“在所有活着的……之中”)
He wanted to keep the fish alive . 他想让鱼活着。
Comrade Wang is really a living Lei Feng in our country .
My first teacher is still living . 我的启蒙老师仍健在。
English is a living language . 英语的活的语言。
A living language should be learned through listening and speaking .
He is regarded as one of the best living writers at present . 他被认为是当代活着的最好的作家之一。
注意：living 前加上 the , 表示类别，指“活着的人们”。例如：
The living must finish the work of those dead . 活着的人必须完成那些死去的人的事业。
living 还可用于短语，例如：make a living 谋生。
a live wire 有电的电线，a live fish 一条活鱼。
Do you like a live show or a recorded show ? 你是喜欢直播还是录音 。
He said he had seen a live whale . 他说他看见过活鲸鱼。
make a / one\'s living by + ing 通过干……谋生
lively [\'laivli] 则意为“活泼的”，“活跃”，“充满生气的”，可作定语、表语或宾补，既可指人，又可指物。例如：
Jenny is a lively girl . 詹妮是个活泼的女孩。
Everything is lively here . 这儿一切都生机勃勃。
He had a strange way of making his classes lively and interesting . 他有一种奇特的方法，使他的课生动有趣。
life 是名词作生命可数，作生活不可数。其复数是 lives 。类似把 fe 变为 -ves 的还有：wife , shelf , leaf , half , loaf , thief , knife , wolf , self .
I prefer country life to city life .
These children are full of life . 这些孩子充满火力。
Many people lost their lives in the accident .
all one\'s life 一生 ，true to life 栩栩如生，in one\'s life 在……的一生中，come back to life 苏醒过来，live / lead a happy life 过着幸福的生活。
用 alive ; living ; live ; lively ; life ; lives 填空：
1) Both plants and animals are _____ things .
2) Who is the greatest man ______ ?
3) They were ______ and as happy as ever .
4) Millions of people hunt and fish for a _______ .
5) His lessons are ______ and interesting .
6) Many soldiers gave their for the liberation of China .
7) After a long time , he came back to .
8) In the animal world the strong while the weak die .
9) We are sorry that they are still a bitter today .
10) More attention should be paid to the people\'s standard .
答案：1. living 2. alive 3. lively 4. living 5. lively 6. lives 7. life 8.live 9. living , life 10. living
1. What was the conference like ?
相当于：What did you think of the conference ? / How do you like the conference ? / What\'s your opinion of the conference ?
2. cause / do damage to 给……造成损失或者破坏
The earthquake caused great damage to the city .
3. be fit for sb to do 适合某人干……
This house is fit for us to live in .
4. do something about 对……采取措施
You ought to do something about your child\'s injury .
5. think of ways of doing 千方百计地干……
They think of ways of prevent factories from polluting this town .
(6) hear about / of 听说
How did you hear about our products ? 你是怎么知道我们的产品的 /
I\'ve been hearing quite a lot about him lately . 最近，我们一直听人提起他。
(7) pay special attention to 特别注意……
It\'s a good idea to pay special attention to keeping fit . 特别注意锻炼身体是个好注意。
(8) have large families 有很多人口的家庭
1. cause … to … 引起……
Pollution has caused much damage to our earth . The causes of damage are obvious . 污染已经对我们的地球产生巨大的损害。损害的原因是不言而喻的。
2. have a large population 人口众多
This city has a population of more than 1.3 million .
Many parts of the world once had large populations . 世界上许多地区曾经人口众多。
3. in the heart of 在 …… 的中心
Dunhuang in China is deep in the heart of the Gebi Desert .
That hotel stands in the very heart of Guangzhou .
4. fail to do sth 未能……
The main speaker failed to come because of bad weather .
5. limit the numbers of 限制……的数量
One suggested answer is for farmers to limit the numbers of their cattle . 有人提出的解决办法是让农民限制他们饲养畜牧的头数。
The numbers of cars in our city must be limited . 我市的汽车辆数必须加以限制。
注意区别：the numbers of ……的总数，the number of ……的数目
6. in place 在适当的位置，在原来的地方
Nothing is in place after the earthquake .
I hope you\'ll keep the books in place .
Are all the engineers in their places ? 所有的工程师都就座了吗 ？
7. wash down 被雨水等冲走
So when it rains , the soil is washed down the hills and into the river .
Great quantities of soil were washed down the hillside by the storm .
8. blow away 刮走，吹走
The wind blew away the clouds . 风吹散了乌云。
The wind blew away the clothes that were hanging on the line .
9. time and time again = time after time , time and again , again and again 多次，不断地
Time and time again there are serious accidents that pollute the air .
The doctor told him time and time again to give up smoking .
10. a cloud of 一团……的
A cloud of radiation crossed the whole of Europe . 一团带有辐射的尘埃穿越了整个欧洲。
11. as a result of … 由于……的结果
It\'s said that 125,000 people died in Russia as a result of illnesses caused bhy this accident .
12. hundreds of thousands of 成千上万的
Hundreds of thousands of people were injured , many of the injured lost their sight .
Hundreds of thousands of people were listening to the speak in the square .
13. lose one\'s sight 伤失视力
The poor man lost his sight when he was 30 years old .
14. be present in / at 出现在6
Only 12 villagers were present last time .
15. pour into 大量流入
A crowd of football fans poured into the ground as soon as the gates were opened .
When I opened the window , bright sunlight poured into the room .
1. five to ten million kinds 五百万到一千万
2. die out 消亡，消失，灭绝
Elephants would die out if men were allowed to shoot as many as they wished . 如果允许人们随心所欲地射杀大象，大象就会绝种。
Many old customs are gradually dying out .
The strong wind is dying out .
As is known to us all , many animals have already died out .
3. an average of 平均是……
An average of 13 people were killed or injured in the traffic accidents .
The new car factory will produce an average 200,000 cars each year .
The average age of the girls in our class is 22 .
4. play a part in 在……起作用。play an important part in 在……起重要作用。
Women are playing an important part in our socialst construction . 妇女在社会主义建设中正发挥着重要作用。
Electricity plays an important part / role in our daily life .
The part that women have played is great .
We must make the young play their parts to the full .
5. a cause of death 死亡原因
6. in danger 处于危险境地
You are in danger of being killed .
We are worried about the country , which is in danger of war .
The workers in danger must be rescued without delay . 必须立即挽救那些处于危险中的工人们。
注意：out of danger 脱离危险，摆脱危险。be dangerous 危险的。
7. three types of tiger living in China 生存在中国的三种老虎
8. a total of 总额，总量，总数有
A total of 160 people died in the earthquake .
This company has a total of 30 workers .
9. go on an organized trip to + 地点“去……团体旅行”
10. fill in 填写
Please fill in the blanks here with your name and address .
His discovery filled in the gaps in the fields of science and technology .
11. be interested to do 干……很感兴趣
12. be busy (in) doing 忙于干……
We are busy going over our lessons .
13. take photographs / photos / pictures + of 拍摄……的照片
14. to one\'s joy 使某人高兴的是。to one\'s great joy = to the great joy of sb = much to one\'s great joy
To the great joy of my friends , I have won the first .
15. in good condition 完好无损，健康良好，保养得好
He has been in good condition .
How can we keep the water in good condition in our village ?
注意：out of condition 身体不适
I can\'t go swimming today . I\'m out of condition .
● POPULATION 能用复数吗？
在 Lesson 34 课文第一段中有这样一句：Many parts of the world , which once had large populations and produced plenty of crops , have become deserts . 这里的 population 为什么使用复数？
◆ population 多用单数，指某国家或地区的人口。如果用复数，指世界不同地区的人口。例如：
Many parts of the world , which once had large populations and produced plenty of crops , have become deserts . 世界上许多地区曾经人口众多，五谷丰登，而今却成了沙漠。
According to the latest census , China\'s population has increased . 根据最近的调查，中国的人口增加了。
◆ population 直接作主语时，谓语动词一般用单数形式指住在某地区的全体居民，为不可数名词，但前面有 some , most 特别是分数或者百分数时，谓语动词常用复数。例如：
The population in these villages has to get its water from wells . 住在这个村子里的人必须自井中汲水。
The population of the city rose by 20% . 这个城市的人口增长了 20 % 。
Most of the population in this city are workers . 这个城市大多数人是工人。
At present about 38% of the Chinese population smoke . 目前中国大约有 38% 的人吸烟，
In India , however , the population of tigers has increased , from 2,000 in 1972 to about 5,000 in 1989 .
然而，在印度，老虎的数量增加了 ， 1972 年只有2，000 只，1989年增加到了大约5，000 只。
In the south most of the population live on rice . 在南方，绝大多数人以大米为食。
◆ 问“人口多少”用 ：what 或者 how large 。不用 how many 和 how much 等词。说人口多用 large或者 great , 说人口少用small 。例如：
?What\'s the population of China ? 中国的人口是多少 ？
?China has a large population . 中国人口众多。
The population of Japan is smaller than that of US . 日本的人口比美国的少。（注意对比中的 that 不要省略）
The population of Beijing is larger / greater than that of Xi\'an . 北京的人口比西安的多。
Do you know what the population of Africa is ? = Do you know how large / great the population of Africa is ? 你知道非洲的人口是多少吗 ？
That country has a small population . 那个国家人口稀少。
What\'s the population of the world ? 全世界有多少人口 ？
This village has a population of about 1,500 .
地点 + has a population of + 数词 （+ people ）
The population of + 某地 + be + 数词 。
地点 + with a population of + 数词
那个国家有 5，000 万人口。
China has a population of 1,2 billion . 中国有 12 亿人口。
That country has a population of fifty million ( people ) .
The population of that country is fifty million .
The country is one with a population of fifty million people .
◆ 当 population 表示抽象意义时，不加冠词。例如：
Since 1949 , the people\'s living standard has been raised , causing a big rise in population . 自从 1949 年以来，在中国，人民的生活水平得到了提高，导致人口有了很大增加。
● appear ，seem ，look “看来像”吗 ？
appear , seem , look 看来很相似，均有“好象，看起来象”之意，在使用时应从以下几方面：
He has a small salary but he appears rich . 他工资很低却显得很富。(其实并非如此)
He seems rich . (I think he is rich .) 他看起来很富有。(根据个人的主观判断而推断出)
He looks rich . 他很是富有。(从他花钱办事的言行中可出感觉出)
1. appear，look，seem 后均可带名词、形容语、to be 结构。
He appeared / seemed / looked an honest man . 看来他是一个诚实的人。
He appeared (to be) sad when he heard the bad news . 当他听到这个坏消息时，似乎很悲伤。
注：在接 to be 结构时，to be常常被省略。例如：
The flowers seem (to be) more beautiful at this time . 此时，花儿好象更漂亮。
2. look 可用于进行时，而 seem , appear 一般不能。如：
You\'re looking quite a different person . 你现在的样子完全是另一个人了。
3. appear 和 seem 之后可接动词不定式的各种形式，而 look 之后除了能接to be 结构外，不接其它动词不定式形式。
He appeared to be proud of himself . 他好象为自己而骄傲。
She doesn\'t seem to have been to Beijing . 她好象没有去过北京。
He looks to be the best person for the job . 他看来是做这项工作最合适的人。
4. look , seem 能与介词 like 构成习语，意思是“看上去象”，而 appear 却不能。例如：
It seems like years since I last saw you . 自从上次见到你后，好象很久没有见到你了。
The new building looks like a hospital . 这座新建筑物看起来象一座医院。
5. seem , look 后均可接 as if , as though 引导的表语从句，若表示不能实现的事实，则用虚拟语气，而 appear 则不能。例如：
It seemed / looked as if it was going to rain . 看起来天快要下雨了。
It seems as if he were to start at once . 看来好象他马上就要动身。
6. appear 和seem 均可接 that 引导的从句，而 look 不能。
It seems / appears that the book is too difficult for us . 这本书好象对我们来说太难了。
It seems that John will win the race . 好象约翰能跑第一。
7. appear 和 seem 可用于there be 结构中，而 look 不能。如：There appeared / seemed nothing to be done . 大家似乎觉得没有办法了。
There appears to have been an accident . 好象出了一次事故。
● do with 与 deal with 用法辨析
do with 与 deal with 都可作“处置”讲的。do with 常与连接代词 what 连用，而 deal with 常与连接副词 how 连用，如：
1 . I don\'t know how they deal with the problem . (= I don\'t know what they do with the problem . )我不知道他们如何处理这个问题。
2 . He is easy to deal with . (= He is easy to do with . 这时“do”是不及物动词)他是容易相处的人。这两个词组在使用时有细微的差别。一般地说，do with 表示“处置”、“忍受”、“相处”、“有关”等。如：
1 . They found a way to do with the elephant . 他们找到对付那头大象的办法了。
2 . We can\'t do with such carelessness . 我们不能容忍这种粗枝大叶的作风。
3 . We are difficult to do with the new comer . 我们很难与新来的那个人相处。
4 . I have nothing to do with him . 我跟他无任何关系。
deal with 意义很广，常表示“对付”、“应付”、“处理”、“安排”、“论述”、“涉及”等。如：
1 . They could properly deal with all kinds of situations . 他能恰当地应付各种局面。
2 . Deal with a man as he deals with you . 以其人之道，还治其人之身。
3 . This is a book dealing with Asian problems . 这是一本论述亚洲问题的书。
4 . They have learned to deal with various persons . 他们学会了和各种人打交道。
● more 的左邻右舍
含 more 的短语形式五花八门，常令人混淆不清。下面把它分解为左邻(即左边加词语)，右舍(右边加词语)和左右逢源(即左右两边加词语)三种情况。
◇ all the more 越发，更加。如：
She loves him all the more for his poverty . 她因他的贫困反而越发爱他了。
◇ no more 不再，如：
I saw her no more after that . 那以后我不再见到她了。
◇ (not)…any more 再。如：
I shall not do that any more . 我再不做那种事了。
◇ or more 或者更多。如：
Ten people or more were killed in the accident . 在这次车祸中死了十个人或者更多。
◇ once more 再一次(= once again) 。 如：
Please say that word once more . 请把那个单词再说一遍。
◇ many more 多得多的，常用于修饰复数名词。如：
The first truck carries many more apples than the second one . 第一辆卡车运的苹果比第二辆运的多得多。
◇ much more 多得多的，修饰不可数名词；多得多(……得多)，修饰多音节形容词或副词的比较级。如：
There is much more water in this glass than in that one . 这个玻璃杯的水比那个玻璃杯的水多得多。
His illness was much more serious than we first thought . 他的病比我们最初想象的要严重得多。
◇ (and) what is more 而且，加之，常用作插入语。如：
Tom is a good husband to his wife and , what is more , a good father to his children . 汤姆是一个好丈夫，而且还是个好爸爸。
◇ the more…the more… 越 …… 越 …… 。如：
The more learned a man is , the more modest he usually is . 一个人越是有学问，就往往越是谦虚。
◇ the more…the less… 越…… 越不…… 。如：
The more you learn , the less you will feel you know . 你越学就越感到自己学识不够。
◇ more and more 越来越多的，修饰复数名词或不可数名词；越来越……，修饰多音节形容词或副词比较级。如：
More and more people are going abroad to study . 越来越多的人出国留学。
Beijing is getting more and more beautiful . 北京变得越来越美丽了。
◇ more or less 或多或少，差不多。如：
The crops will feel the effect of the drought more or less according to the quality of the soil . 作物按照土壤的性质，或多或少会受到旱灾的影响。
◇ more than 多于，大于，不只是。如：
China Daily is more than a newspaper . 中国日报不只是一种报纸。
The TV set is made up of more than one hundred different parts . 电视机是由一百多个不同的部件组成的。
◇ more than one 不止一个 。 如：
More than one person made the suggestion . 不止一个人提出那个建议。
◇ more than once 不止一次。如：
I found him smoking and drinking more than once . 我不止一次地发现他抽烟、喝酒。
◇ no more…than… 不是……如同……是……一样(二者都不……)。如：
I am no more mad than you are . 你没有疯，我也没有疯。
◇ no more than 不过，仅仅。如：
We had walked no more than ten miles when night closed in again . 我们走了不过十英里，天就又黑了。
◇ not more than 不多于，至多。如：
There are not more than five people in the office . 办公室里的人不超过五个。
◇ not more…than 不比……更…… 。如：
He is not more a statesman than a politician . 与其说他是个政治家，倒不如说他是个政客。
1 . 表示“结婚”行为
1) 不可与“for + 一段时间”的完成时态连用。如：
误：He has married for a year . 他结婚已经一年。
正：He married (got married) a year ago .
正：It is a year since he married (got married) .
正：He has been married for a year .
2) 表示“同某人结婚”时不可与介词 with 或 to 连用。但可用 be (get) married to sb . ，如：
误：He married with (to) Mary last year . 他是去年同玛丽结婚的。
正：He married Mary last year .
正：He got married to Mary last year .
3) 表示“嫁给某人或娶某人”要用 marry sb . ，如：
Mathild married Pier . 玛蒂尔德嫁给了皮埃尔。
Who(m) did the handsome boy marry at last ? 那英俊小伙子最后娶了谁为妻呢 ?
Jean married very well . 珍妮喜结良缘。
All of their daughters married badly . 他们的女儿婚姻都很不幸。
2) 用 be married 表示婚姻状况。如：
?Are you married ? 你结婚了吗 ?
?Yes , I am . 是的，结婚了。
How long have you been married ? 你结婚多久了 ?
1) marry sb . 表示“嫁出……或使娶……”，后可接 to sb . ，如：
The greedy couple married their daughter to a cruel-hearted millionaire . 那对贪婪的夫妇把他们的女儿嫁给了一个狠心的百分富翁。
They decided to marry off all their daughters and sons before going abroad . 他们决定让他们所有的儿女都成了家之后再出国。
2) marry sb . 表示“为某人证婚”。如：
Will you marry me and my husband ? 你愿意为我和我丈夫证婚吗 ?
● entire、whole、total、complete 辨析
entire、whole、total、complete 这组词作为形容词都是指“全部的，完整的”，即丝毫没有失去、损坏或省略的(事物) 。
entire 与 whole 在许多情况下可以通用。例如：
The people\'s government has the support of the entire(whole) population . 人民政府得到全民的支持。
whole 常用来强调某事物的完整性，即没有任何部分被忽略或舍去叮当于 every part. 在日常语言中，whole 远比 entire 用得多。例如：
One day the police even used their sticks during a peaceful march by blacks , and this was seen across the whole country on TV . (也可用 entire) 有一天，黑人在进行和平进军的时候，警察使用了警棍，这个情景全国的电视上都看到了。
entire 可以修饰抽象名词，whole 则不能。如：
This would destroy the entire peace of the Middle East .
total 与上面两词的主要不同在于它有较强烈的计算意味，强调总量，意为“全部的”，“总计的”，实际上就是对现存的 whole 的大小作精确的估计。如：
By the end of the year , the total money collected had come to over 92 million dollars , all of which were sent to Africa .
The work is now complete ; we can have a holiday .
The total number of tourists chosen so far is forty-eight , but the tourist party is not yet complete .
综上所述，除 whole 以外，当描写毫无例外和毫无保留的包罗全体的抽象概念时，其他三词都可换用。如：
I have entire (or total or complete) control of the project .
What\'s the main purpose of James AN Coaching College ?
Quite simply , we are here to help students with:
● H.S.C. Exams : Years 11 and 12
● Selective School Test : Year 5 to year 10
● Independent School Scholarship Exams : Year 6
● Opportunity Class Test : Years 3 and 4
● School Certificate Test : Year 10
The college provides expert tuition for students wishing to gain the highest possible marks in all examinations from Year 1 to Year 12 .
We also help students :
● excel in all subjects
● have a head start
● get motivated to succeed in their studies “EDUCATION = SUCCESS”
● increase their self-confidence
Through face-to-face teaching students are taught to perform well under examination conditions .
● Highly qualified teachers from Selective Schools and Independent Schools .
● James AN : Principal and coauther of “Maths Tests for Selective Schools and Scholarship examinations”and other books
● Other textbook authors
Our teachers set high goals for themselves as well as for their students .
COURSES AND SUBJECTS
H.S.C. COURSE / YEAR 11 & 12
Subjects : Maths 2, 3, 4, Units: English , Physics , Chemistry
SCHOOL CERTIFICATE COURSE / YEAR 9 & 10
Subjects : English , Maths , Science
JUNIOR HIGH COURSE ; YEAR 7 & 8
Subjects : English , Maths ,Science
SELECTIVE SCHOOL / SCHOLARSHIP COURSE ; YEAR 5 & 6
Subjects : English , Maths , General Ability , Creative Writing
OPPORTUNITY CLASS ( O.C. ) COURSE;
YEAR 3 & 4
Subjects : English , Maths , General Ability
YEARS 1& 2
Sbujects : Maths , English
HOLIDAY REVISION COURSE
Special holiday revision courses are offered during each vacation .
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM JAMES AN COACHING COLLEGE ?
Students of all abilities !
We have helped thousands of students achieve results beyond their wiidest dreams in the H.S.C. and Selective School / Scholarship Tests .
We\'d love to do the same for you . All serious students will excel in their studies .
1. If you are a student of year 7 , what subjects can you take ?
A. English , Maths , Science and Creative Writing
B. Maths and Physics
C. Maths , English , Physics and Chemistry
D. English , Maths and Science
2. The test for students of year 12 is .
A. H.S.C. Exams
B. Opportunity Class Test
C. Independent School Scholarship Exams
D. School Certificate Test
3. Students are taught to perform well under examination conditions through teaching .
A. special holiday revision courses B. face-to-face
C. self-confidence D. all subjects
4. can benefit from James An Coaching College .
A. Students of all abilities
B. Thousands of students
C. Students from European countries
D. Students who want to go abroad
1. 选 D。抓住问题中的关键词 year 7 , 立即可知它属于COURSES AND SUBJECTS 部分 JUNIOR HIGH COURSE , 从中可直接找出答案。
2. 选 A。可以从What is the main purpose of James An Coaching College 中直接找到答案。
3. 选B。文章中有这样一句是解题的依据：Through face-to-face teaching students are taught to perform well under examination conditions 。
4. 选A。从 COURSES AND SUBJECTS 部分WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM JAMES AN COACHING COLLEGE ？中可以直接找到答案。
● Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison was a giant among inventors . He patented (获专利权) over 1 ,000 inventions , including . the record player , moving picture and the first practical electric light . Largely home taught , Edison only went to school for three months. But at 17 he invented the telegraph system (系统) . This allowed four dot - dash messages to be sent down a wire at the same time , speeding up telegraph service greatly .
Though he made great achievements , he still worked up to 20 hours a day . In 1879 , he discovered that if electric current (电流) is passed through a thin thread of carbon (碳) in a glass vacuum (真空) , it becomes white hot , giving off a brilliant light . Then , for use of this electric light , he developed a complete electrical distribution system (配电系统) . In 1880 , he formed the Edison Electric Light Company . In 1882 , he built the Pearl Street Plant , and New York became the first city lit by electricity .
1 . According to the passage , which of the following is true ?
A . Of all the inventors , Edison patented the most inventions .
B . He invented 1 , 000 things except the record player .
C . He invented moving pictures at the age of 17 .
D . He made greater achievements than any other scientists in the world .
2 . Edison received his schooling ____ .
A . mainly from school B . mainly from his teachers
C . largely from his parents D . largely from his work
3 . His invention of the telegraph system made the telegraph services ____ .
A . much easier B . more expensive
C . more difficult D . much quicker
4 . His discovery in 1879 led to ____ .
A . electric current through a thin thread
B . a bright light seen in a glass vacuum
C . the invention of his first practical electric light
D . the invention of electricity
5 . Before 1882 , _____ .
A . the world had been lit by electricity
B . New York had been already lit by electricity
C . no cities in the world had been lit by electricity
D . no cities except New York had been lit by electricity
● Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison was awarded (授予) more patents on inventions than any other Americans . When he died in 1931 , Americans wondered hos they could best show their respect for him .
One suggestion was the nation observe a minute or two of total blackout (断电) . All electric power would be shut off in homes , streets and factories . Perhaps this suggested plan made Americans realize fully what Edison and his inventions meant to them . Electric power was too important to the country . Shutting it off for even a short time would have led to troubles . So a blackout was actually impossible .
On the day of Edison\'s Funeral (葬礼) , many people silently put out some of their lights . In this way , they honoured the man who had done more than anyone else to put the great force of electricity at his countrymen\'s fingertips .
6 . This passage tells us that Thomas Edison ____ .
A . was the only important American inventor
B . received the first American patent
C . received the most patents in the U . S . A .
D . was the first American inventor
7 . People decided to honour Edison when ____ .
A . he made the first electric light
B . electric power came into use
C . the country realized how important electric power was
D . he died in 1931
8 . The suggested plan was to _____ .
A . turn off the lights everywhere
B . shut off all electricity for a short time
C . make homes , schools and factories all dark
D . observe a few minutes of total silence
9 . The plan was never carried out because ____ .
A . electric power was of great importance to the country for every minute
B . it meant honouring only one of Edison\'s inventions
C . the plan itself was difficult to carry out
D . some Americans would not get themselves into trouble
10 . This passage was probably written to ____ .
A . tell people about Edison\'s inventions
B . explain what electricity was
C . prove that people wished to honour Edison
D . show that a great man Edison was
● Thomas Jefferson
In 1801 , Thomas Jefferson became president of the United States , which then included sixteen states that lay east of the Mississippi River . France controlled the large area in the centre of the continent , which was known as the Louisiana Territory (领土) , and the land west of the Rocky Mountains was primarily under Spanish control . Control of the Northwest was disputed (争议) by England , Russia , Spain , and the United States . Jefferson , a leader with foresight (远见卓识) , believed that it would do good to the United States to own the rich land . In addition , the port cities at the mouth of the Mississippi River were controlled by France . Jefferson regarded this as possible danger to the U . S . economy (经济) and to national safety , so he went to Napoleon with an offer to buy the land .
Napoleon agreed to sell the land for ? 15 million , which ended up just a few cents an acre (英亩) . He decided to give up his holdings in America , which he had just won from Spain , so that he could raise money to conquer all of Europe .
11 . Thomas Jefferson bought the land for ____ reasons .
A . 1 B . 2 C . 3 D . 4
12 . From the passage we know that the Louisiana Territory _____ .
A . was under Spanish control
B . was the land east of the Mississippi River
C . lay west of the Rocky Mountains
D . formed the western part of the Mississippi valley
13 . What is untrue according to the passage ?
A . The land was rich .
B . The land was first controlled by Spain .
C . Thomas Jefferson was the President of the 18th century .
D . Napoleon sold the land very cheaply .
14 . Why did Napoleon agree to sell the land ?
A . Because the land was very poor .
B . Because it was an act of friendship .
C . Because he wanted to get America\'s support .
D . Because he had the ambition (野心) for Europe .
15 . What is the title for the passage ?
A . Thomas Jefferson\'s Foresight
B . The Form of the U . S . A .
C . The Louisiana Purchase (购买)
D . The Louisiana Territory
● Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence and was the third President of the United States . He was also a great architect (建筑师) . Monticello is the home that Thomas Jefferson built . Monticello means “little mountain” in Italian . Jefferson started building the mansion (宅第) on a hill near Charlotteville, Virginia , in 1770 . It is considered one of the best examples of the American classic (古典) revival (复兴) style of architecture .
The building materials ?stone , brick , lumber , and nails were all prepared on the land where Monticello stands . Jefferson moved into the home with his bride (新娘) in 1772 and continued on the house for many years . Monticello was his home for fifty - six years .
The mansion was later bought by Uriah Levy and given to the people of the United States as a gift . Today , Monticello is a national shrine (圣地) that is open to the public .
16 . Jefferson was the author of ____ .
A . many books on architecture
B . the Consitution (宪法)
C . the American Classic Revival
D . the Declaration of Independence
17 . Monticello was Jefferson\'s home for ____ .
A . his whole life
B . 56 years
C . 65 years
D . summer months only
18 . Jefferson was ____ .
A . the first president of the U . S .A
B. an Italian president
C . the 3rd American president
D . the president of Virginia
19 . Jefferson moved into Monticello in ____ .
A . 1756 B . 1770 C . 1772 D . 1776
20 . Monticello was given as a gift to the American people by ____ .
A . the public B . Thomas Jefferson
C . Uriah Levy D . a national shrine
答案：1－5 ACDCC 6－10 CDBAD 11－15 BDCDC 16－20 DBCCC
The school built last year was flooded this summer . 去年建的那所学校今年夏天被洪水淹了。
I hope you will pay attention to the marked signs . 我希望你要注意那些有标记的牌子。
Her job is to take care of the wounded soldiers . 她的工作是照料那些受伤的战士。
boiled water 开水。a frozen river 一条冻结着的河。a trained nurse 一名训练有素的护士。an experienced villager 一位经验丰富的村民。a used car 旧车。melted iron 熔化了的铁。mended clothes 补好的衣服。a well-written article 一篇写得不错的文章。man-made satellite 人造卫星。a retired worker 一名退休工人。a three-legged table 一张三条腿的桌子。a
高二英语第九单元 Saving the Earth (拯救地球)
时间： 2008-08-03 栏目： 高二英语教案