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新教材高一英语unit9教案

时间: 2008-08-03 栏目: 高一英语教案


                              Unit 9 Technology

一、重点词汇
    1. toothpick n. 牙签 (short, pointed piece of wood, etc, for removing bits of food
       from between the teeth)
    2. press vi, vt. (push sth. strongly; push steadily against)
       1) 压;按;推 He pressed the doorbell. 他按了门铃。
          "Just press this button, and you'll start the engine."
          只要按一下这个按钮便可启动这台发动机了。
       2) 熨;熨平 I've pressed your trousers with the iron. 我用熨斗熨了你的裤子。
       3)(常与up, round连用)挤 He pressed his way through the crowd. 他挤过人群。
       4)(常与on, upon连用)迫;迫使;进逼 The debts pressed on him. 债务威逼着他。
       5)(与for连用)敦促,力劝
          She pressed her guests to stay a little longer.她极力劝说客人们再呆一会儿。
       6)(常与on, upon连用)紧迫 Time presses. 时间紧迫
          The problem of fuel presses for solution.这个燃料的问题急待解决。
          We'll let you know if anything presses."如有紧急情况,我们会通知你的。"
    3. teenager n. (十三到十九岁的)少年(a young person between 13 and 19 years old; aboy
       or a girl in his or her teens)
       Sandy is a very busy teenager.山迪是个非常忙碌的少年。
    4. throughout adv, prep 各处,到处;遍及;从头到尾;全部时间
       He is famous throughout the world. 他闻名于世界。
       It rained throughout the night. 雨下了一整夜。
    5. add vt. vi.
       1) 增加 to add more hot water  多加点热水
          Add a few more names of labourers to the list.名单上再加上几个工人的名字。
       2) 加;加起来 If you add 4 to 3 you get 7. 四加三得七。
          Add up these figures, please.请把这些数字加起来。
       3) 补充说; 又说
          I should add that we are very pleased. 我要补充的是我们非常高兴。
          I should like to add that we are pleased with the test result.
          我还要补充说一下,我们对测试结果表示满意。
    6. latest adj. 最后的, 最迟的; 最新的, 最近的
       the latest news最近的消息; the latest fashion 最新式样
    7. calendar n.
       1) 历法
          From January 1st to February 1st is one calendar month.
          从一月一日到二月一日是一个历月。
       2) 日历;月历
          Their five-year-old son is able to use the calendar to count how many days it
          is until his birthday. 他们五岁的儿子能用日历数出离他的生日还有多少天。
    8. remind vt. (常与of, to + inf, that连用)使想起;使记起;提醒
       1) remind sb. Of / about sb. / sth 使某人想起某人/某事
       2) remind sb. To do sth.提醒某人做某事
       3)remind sb. That clause提醒某人某事; 使某人想起某事
         Remind me to write to Mother. 提醒我给妈妈写信。
         This reminds me of last year. 这使我想起去年的事。
         Please remind me that I must call her up before nine.请提醒我九点前给她打个电话。
         The film reminded him of what he had seen in China.
         这部影片使他回想起在中国所看到的一切。
    9. appointment n.
       1) 约定(会面时间或地点) 
          I made an appointment to see the doctor. 我约定好时间去看医生。
       2) 职位 the appointment of a chairman 主席职位
    10. behaviour n. 行为;举动
        Everyone praises the children's good behavior. 每个人都赞扬孩子们的好行为。
    11. obey vt. vi. 服从;顺从;听话
        to obey an order 服从命令
        They refused to obey. 他拒绝服从。
    12. dare vt
        1) 竟敢;敢 Don't dare do that again! 不要再这样胆大妄为!
        2) 敢于;敢面对事物 He will dare any danger. 他敢冒任何危险。
        3)(与to连用)挑战 He dared me to jump over the stream. 他激我跳过小溪。
    13. emergency n. 紧急情况
        The hospital has to treat emergencies such as car accidents.
        这个医院处理诸如车祸一类的急诊。
        In an emergency, telephone the police. 出现紧急情况时,请给警察打电话。
        The patient was asked to ring the bell in an emergency.要求病人在有紧急情况时按铃。
    14. whatever adj, pron
       1) …什么就…什么
          They eat whatever they can find. 他们找到什么就吃什么?
          Whatever 常用来引导名词性从句或让步状语从句, 引导让步状语从句时, 可用no matter what
          替代。
       2) 无论什么,不管什么
          Whatever(=No matter what)we said, he'd disagree. 无论我们说什么,他都不同意。
          Whatever your argument, I shall hold to my decision.
          不管你怎样争辩,我还是坚持自己的决定。
          College students are seen doing whatever work they can find.
          我们可以看到,只要有工作,大学生们什么都干。
          Do whatever she tells you and you'll have peace.
          她叫你干什么你就干什么,那你就太平了。
          Whatever happens, the first important thing is to keep cool.
          不管发生什么事,头等重要的是保持冷静。
          You may do whatever you want to do. 无论你想做什么事,你都可以做。
          Whatever you do, I won't tell you my secret.
          不管你做什么,我都不会把我的秘密告诉你。
    15. dial vt, vi
        1)拨(电话号码)
           Put in the money before dialing.先投钱币再拨号。
        2)(给某人)打电话;向某地通话
           How do I dial London? 怎样拨电话到伦敦?
    16. unexpected adj. adj.想不到的, 意外的, 未预料到
        unexpected guests 不速之客;unexpected results未料到的结果
    17.negative adj.
       1) 否定的,否认的 a negative answer 否定的答覆;a negative vote 反对票
       2) 消极的;无用的;无益的 negative attitude 消极的态度
          negative advice that only tells you what not to do 只告诉你不要做某事的消极劝告
       3) 没有迹象的;结果为阴性的
          The test for bacteria was negative. 细菌试验结果是阴性的。
       4)〈电〉阴性的;负极的  negative pole 负极
       5) 减的;负的;负值的 a negative profit 减少利润; the negative sign 负号
    18. clone n.无性系, 无性繁殖, 克隆; v.无性繁殖, 复制
        human cloning 克隆人;to clone sheep克隆羊
    19. interview n. 接见;会见
        I thank you very much indeed for this interview.非常感谢你这次接见。
        2) 采访; 面试 to go for an interview 进行面试
    20. department n
        1) 部门;部;司;局;处;系
           English department 英语系
        2)(某些国家的)县; 职责;专长
           Advertising is my department. 我负责做广告。
    21. electricity n. 电;电力; 电流   make electricity 发电
        Do you use electricity for cooking? 你用电做饭吗?
    22. planet n. 行星 The earth is a planet.地球是个行星。
    23. defeat vt
        1)打败;战胜
           They were defeated in the football match. 他们在足球赛中输了。
        2)使失败;使受挫 Our hopes were defeated. 我们的希望破灭了。
        n. 失败;击败
           The football team suffered a defeat. 该足球队被击败了。
    24. force n.
        1) 力,力量 the force of the explosion 爆炸力
           You must use force to open that bottle. 你必须用力打开那个瓶子。
        2) 暴力
           The thief took the money from the old man by force. 小偷用暴力夺走了老人的钱。
        3)〈物〉力 the force of gravity 地心引力
           The force of gravity makes things fall to earth.地心引力使物体落向地面。
        4)(pl) 三军武装力量
          The air force is one of the armed forces.空军是武装部队的一种。
    25. peaceful adj 安静的; 宁静的;安宁的; 爱好和平的
        It's peaceful at home when the children are at school.
        孩子们在学校上学时,家里就安静了。
    26. succeed vi, vt (常与in连用)成功;达到; 完成
        He succeeded in the examination. 他考试及格了。
        His business has succeeded, and is making a lot of money.
        他的生意很成功,赚了很多钱。
        The astronauts succeeded in returning from the moon to the earth according to
        the plan.
        宇航员们按计划成功地从月球返回到地球。
二、重点词组
1. stay in touch with = keep in touch with 和某人保持联系;get in touch with与……取得联系;
   lose touch with… 与……失去联系; be out of touch with与……失去联系;be in touch with与
   ……有联系
2. call for  需要;要求;值得:
   The occasion calls for a cool head. 这种场合需要冷静的头脑。
3. in case(of)  万一……; 如果发生……; 假使……
  in case假使; 以防(万一); 免得。in case可引导一个条件状语从句或目的状语从句,还可单独使用,
   置于句尾。例如:
   In case of fire, ring the alarm bell.如遇火灾,既按警铃。
   In case he comes, let me know.如果他来的话,告诉我一声。
   You’d better take an umbrella in case it rains.(=It may rain; you’d better take an
   umbrella just in case.) 可能会下雨,拿把雨伞,以防万一。
    4. according to  prep. 据;按照; 取决于;视…而定
       lives according to her means 按他的方式生活
       According to my watch it is 10 o'clock. 按我的表是10点钟。
       pay is according to quality 依照质量付费
    5.take over  接管;接替;继承
      what is good and still useful should be taken over.好的有用的东西应当继承。
      Our chairman has left, so Jack will take over (his job).我们的主席走了,因此杰克将接
      管(他的工作)。
    6. break down 
      1) 破坏;拆散
       Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.
       人体中的化学元素把食物分解成有用的物质。
       The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)据说和谈破裂了。
      2)(机器)损坏 Our truck broke down outside town. 我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。
         The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。
      3) 失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对意见打消了。
      4) 精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept. 他不禁失声痛哭。
      5) 起化学变化 Food is broken down by chemicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。
三、重点句型
  1. I should be home in about ten minutes. 再过大约十分钟,我应该到家了。
     should 在此的意思为“应该”,但在不同的语境中should有不同的含义,注意下列句子:
     You should not use your cellphone in class.你不该在上课时使用手机。(表示要求)
     I think you should think it over before doing it. 我认为你应该三思而后行。(表示建议)
     We’ve got everything ready. There should be no problem.我们已经准备好了一切。应该不
     会有问题了。(表示判断)
  2. Modern cellphones are more than just phones―they are used as cameras and radios, and
     to send e-mail or surf the Internet.现代的手机不仅仅是电话机―它们也当坐照相机和收音机
     使用,还可以发送电子邮件和上网。
     use A as B 把A用作B。例如:
     In ancient times, people used stones as tools for farming.在古代,人们把石头用作耕作的
     工具。
     use sth to do sth用某物来做某事。例如:
     In ancient times, people used stones to kill animals for food.
     在古代,人们用石头来捕杀动物获取食物。
  3. The answer seems to be that we have a need to stay in touch with friends and family no
    matter where we are or what we are doing.答案似乎是:无论我们在何处或正在做什么,我们都
     需要和朋友以及家人一直保持联系。
    1) seem 似乎,好像,其用法及搭配有:
       seem + adj., 如:
       This problem seems complicated, but actually it is simple.
       这个问题看似复杂,其实很简单。
       seem to do
       I seem to have seen him somewhere before.我好像以前在哪儿见过他。
       It seems that…,
       It seems that everything is going on well.好像一切正常。
       It seems as if…,
       It seems as if it’s going to rain.看来快要下雨了。
    2) no matter无论,不管,后面常跟疑问词引导的从句,其意相当于疑问词后加ever。如 no matter
      what=whatever; no matter where=wherever; no matter how=however; no matter when=
      whenever例如:
      No matter when (Whenever) I meet him, he is always wearing that old hat.
      不管我什么时候遇见他,他总是戴着那顶旧礼帽。
      No matter how (However) expensive the cellphone is, I’ll buy it because I need one
     badly.
      无论这手机有多贵,我都要买。因为我急需有个手机。
  3. She says that her cellphone helps her do whatever she wants to do.她说她的手机能让她想
     做什么就做什么。
     whatever无论什么,不管什么,在句中用作连接代词,引导名词性从句。
     With the money, you can buy whatever you want.有了这些钱,你可以想买什么就买什么。
     类似用法的词还有:whoever, whomever, whichever等。如:
     Whoever leaves the classroom last should remember to turn off the light before leaving.
     不管是谁最后离开教室,都应该记住走之前关灯。
     You may choose whichever you like.不管你喜欢哪个,都可以选。
四、语法
    现在进行时态的被动语态的用法
    现在进行时态的被动语态是用来表示说话时或现阶段某一被动的动作正在进行,其表现形式为:
    is/am/are/ + being + 过去分词。例如:
    A、computer center is being built for the students.
       The phones are also being used as cameras and radios.
五、例题分析
                                      第一阶梯
单项选择
1. Mum will be back from work _______ half an hour.
  A. in B. after C. later D. before
2. ______ the money for protecting wildlife _____ now?
  A. Is; being collecting B. Are, collected C. Is, being collected D. Has, collected
3. The old machine _____ our difficulty to finish the work on time.
  A. adds up to B. has added C. adding to D. added to
4. ______ home alone after 12:00 in the evening.
  A. Do you dare go B. Dare you go C. Dare you to go D. If you dare go
5. He spent what he had _______ a cell phone.
  A. bought B. to buy C. buying D. had bought
6. Although they’ve never met, they _____ by e-mail for years.
  A. stay in touch with B. get in touch with C. keep in touch D. get in touch
7. Never give up, ______ great difficulty is.
  A. whatever B. whoever C. however D. whenever
8. _______ danger, you may call 120 for help.
  A. In case B. In case of C. When D. If
9. Mr White is one of the foreign experts who ______ in China.
  A. works B. is working C. has been working D. are working
10. The secretary reminded me _____ there was a meeting that afternoon.
  A. of B. about C. that D. on
答案与简析:
    1. A in + 一段时间常与将来时态连用,after + 一段时间或一段时间 + later多用于过去时态。
    2. C 本题考查现在进行时态的被动语态结构is/am/are being done,D选项的正确形式应为has
       been collected。
    3. D “这台旧机器增加了我们按时完工的难度。”add to意为“增加”,在句中作谓语,add up
       to意为“共计”,add…to表“把……加在……里”。
    4. B句中dare作情态动词, 其后接动词原形; 若作实义动词, 答案为Do you dare to go. D选项不能
       构成疑问句。
    5. C “他倾其所有买了一手机。”本题考查短语spend…(in) doing/on sth.
    6. C stay/ keep in touch (with sb.)意为“保持联系”;get in touch(with sb.)意为“取得
      联系”。 get为瞬间动词,不能与for years 连用。
    7. C “无论困难有多大,永远不要放弃”。本题的考查目标为no matter how引导的让步状语从句,
      此时no matter how = however,修饰形容词或副词。
    8. B in case of 接名词,其余选项接句子。
    9. D 本题考查定语从句中的主谓一致。先行词为experts,谓语动词用复数。
    10. C 本题考查remind的用法。that后接句子,其余选项接名词或代词。
                                    第二阶梯
完成句子:
1. 我爷爷70岁了, 却终日忙个不停。
  My grandpa is _____ ______ ______ all day long though he is 70.
2. 你知道会上正在讨论什么吗?
  Do you know _______ _______ ________ ________ at the meeting?
3. 成功需要勤奋。
  Success _____ _______ hard work.
4. 无论我说什么,他就是不相信。
  _______ ________ _______ I said, he wouldn’t believe me.
5. 听到这个消息,学生老师都高兴。
   _______ ________ the students _____ _______ the teacher was happy at the news.
6. 王先生病了, 我已接管他的工作。
  Mr Wang is ill, so I’ve ________ _________ his work.
7. 我苦思冥想,却未能想出一个好办法。
  I kept thinking hard, but failed to ________ ________ _______ a good idea.
8. 在比赛中,Douglas成功地击败了其他的选手。
    Douglas _____ _____ _____ all the other players in the match.
9. 竹子不仅仅用于建筑。
  Bamboo is used for ________ _________ building.
10. 他似乎已经听说了这个坏消息。
  He _______ ______ have heard the bad news.

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