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Sports

时间: 2008-08-03 栏目: 高一英语教案


教学目标

Teaching aims and demands
  通过本单元的教学,通过词汇的学习学生能掌握exciting, take part in, hand in等单词和词组的用法,学习表达爱好的用语以及如何询问对方的爱好的表达方法。根据课文所提供的内容,用英语描述奥林运会的历史、发展、过去与现状,能够列举出中国运动员所参加的一些项目和在奥运会中取得的优异成绩。继续学习由关系代词who, that, which等引导的定语从句,并掌握这部分语法内容。
Teaching important and difficult points
I. Words and phrases
athlete, compete, competitor, competition, unusual, swift, medal, gold, prize, Olympic Games, in modern times, take part in, exciting, have sports, read out
II. Useful expressions
Which do you prefer, ...or...?
I prefer. . .to. . .
III. Grammar
Learning prep + which / whom+ Clause

 

教学建议

课文建议
  建议教师在上些课时,可采用以下方法,比如:1)教师可给学生展示奥运会图片,供学生讲述。2)教师利用多媒体形式,如:录像、VCD在课堂上给学生放映等,可提高学生的兴趣与积极性。3)教师可用一些课文中出现的数字、时间进行组织教学,用一些词连接起来,组成一篇文章,如:776BC,The old Olympic Games began around the year 776 BC in Greece. At that time the young men competed in running, jumping and wrestling., so on.

课文分析
  本单元主要用英语描述奥林运会的历史、发展、过去与现状,详细列举出在1984、1992年奥林匹克运动的扩大、中国运动员所参加的一些项目和在奥运会中取得的优异成绩等,课文中最大的特点是采用大量的数字与年代,如:393AD,8,000,25th等。同时在语言运用中使用prep .+which / whom+ clause,如:Some of the games in which the young men competed….so on.

教学重点和难点
have sports的用法
  have sports 是个固定搭配,sport常用复数形式(包括运动和户外活动),表示“进行体育运动”。
  We often have sports at school after class.课后我们经常在学校进行体育活动。
  已学过have构成的词组有:
  have a good time玩和高兴
  have a meeting (match, rest, swim, tall, walk, etc.) 开会(比赛、休息、游泳、谈话、散步,等)
  have a class/classes/lessons 上课 have a cold 感冒
  have a baby (boy, girl) 生小孩(男孩、女孩)have a cough 咳嗽
  have a holiday 放假 have an accident 出事故
  have to do sth. 不得不做 have some medicine 吃药
  have breakfast /lunch /supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭have got sth. 得到某物
  have sth for breakfast 早饭吃……
prefer的用法
  1)prefer:表示宁愿,更喜欢。后可接名词、代词、不定式、不定式复合结构或V-ing形式。
  Which would you prefer, tea or coffee?
  茶和咖啡,你较喜欢哪一种?
  I’d prefer you to wash the clothes. 我想要你来洗衣服。
  2)prefer A to B (= like A better than B) “喜欢A而不喜欢B/喜欢A胜过喜欢B”
  I prefer dogs to cats. 我喜欢狗不喜欢猫。
  3)prefer to do rather than (to) do “宁愿……而不……”
  She preferred to go with us rather than stay behind.他宁愿和我们一道去,而不愿留下。

2 . sport, game, match 与 race辨析
  1)sport指各种运动或户外游戏,多限于体力锻炼,不以输赢为主要目的。常有下列用法:
  sports jacket 运动服sports meet 运动会
  sportsman 男运动爱好者,男运动员
  sports woman女运动员sports ground 运动场
  sports page of the paper 报纸体育专版
  school sports 校运会
  2)game作“游戏、比赛”解,指有一定规则的游戏或运动,且以输赢为主要目的。指球赛时,美国英语用game, 英国英语用match。game还可指大型的国际体育运动会、比赛。
  the Asian Games 亚运会the Olympic Games 奥运会
  3)match一般指竞技比赛,较正式的球类比赛(网球、高尔夫球等)、拳击等常用match.
  They are having a football match. 他们举行一场足球比赛。
  4)race通常指赛跑、赛马、赛车、赛船等运动。如:
  100-metre race 100米赛跑 go to the races 去看赛马

  3 . join, take part in ,attend的辨析
  这几个词或短语都有“参加”的意思。区别:
  1)join:指加入某个组织成为其中一员。
  join the Army/the Party/the League参军/入党/入团
  join (sb.) 指参与某项活动,口语中常与take part in 通用。
  He joined you in the walk.他和你们散步。
  2)take part in指参加群众性活动、会议并在其中起积极作用。
  May I take part in your game? 我可以参加你们的游戏吗?
  3)attend是正式用语,指参加会议、婚礼、典礼;听报告、讲座等。
  He'll attend an important meeting tomorrow.他明天要参加一个重要会议。

The same as, the same that的辨析
  1) the same …as有两个含义:“和……一样”,“像……那样”。比如:
  She is wearing the same dress as she wore yesterday. 这句话有两个含义:
  她穿着昨天穿的那件衣服。(就是同一件)
  她穿的衣服像她昨天穿的那件。(即只是像,但不是同一件)
  2)the same…that为“和……一样的”。比如:
  She is wearing the same dress that she wore yesterday.她穿着昨天穿的那件衣服。即只等于the same …as的第一个含义。
  3)若要表示“同一个”时,关系代词可用as,也可用that.若要表示“不是同一个”时,关系代词只用as。
  4)如果后面的从句不完整,从句谓语动词省略了,就只能用as,不用that。
4×100
time其它词意的用法
  1)表示作“时间”解,是不可数名词;作可数名词时,有下列几种用法:
  in modern/ancient times 在现代/在古代
  He is one of the most important men of the time. 他是当代最重要的人物之一。
  2)可用来表示次数。
  I’ve met her several times. 我见过她好几次。
  3)可表示倍数或乘法。
  This room is 3 times as big as that one. 这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。

compete的用法
  compete: 比赛;竞争,是不及物动词,常与介词in, for, against等连用。
  They're competing for a prize. 他们在为获奖而竞争。
  compete 的名词有:competitor 参赛者competition竞争,竞赛(可指各种形式的竞赛)。
  More than 1,000 competitors took part in the competition.一千多参赛者参加了这项竞赛。

every four years 每四年
  every 与数词或few, other 连用,表示时间或空间的间隔,其中几个主要结构如下:
  ①every+基数词+复数名词。
  I go there every three days.我每隔两天(每三天)到那儿去一趟。
  They move on to a new place every two or three years.
  ②every+序数词+单数可数名词,译为:“每第……”。
  He comes to see his uncle every third week.
  ③every +other+单数可数名词,“每隔……”。
  He goes to town every other day(every two days).
  ④every +few+复数名词 ,“每隔几……”。
  He stopped and turned around every few metres.


教学设计方案Lesson 37

Teaching Aims
  1 .To train the Ss’ skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing.

  2. To learn some useful sentences and some new words and expressions through practice.

  Which do you prefer, ...or...?

  I prefer. . .to. . .

  have sports, be good at, read out ,exciting

  Teaching procedures

Step I Warming up

  1.What sports do you know?

  Collect the English words on the Bb.

  Volleyball/ basketball/ football /table tennis/ tennis/ badminton/ golf/ horse – riding/ shooting/ wrestling/ sailing/ swimming/ hunting/ fishing/ skiing

  2.Which sport do you like better, ...or...?

  Use all the names of sports the Se have learned to answer this question. )Then ask the 58:

  3.Which sport do you prefer, ... or... ?

  Ask one e student to answer the question using the following structure.

  I prefer. . .to. . .

  Ask more students to practise the two structures.

Step ⅡListening

  First we'll listen to the tape. After that there are two questions for you to answer. Please listen carefully with your books closed. Questions:

  1) Which Sport does A prefer?   2)What about B?

  horse → riding             shooting

  2. Let the Ss listen to the tape again and repeat.

  Ask them to pay more attention to the pronunciation and intonation of the dialogue.

Step Ⅲ Practise

  Paraphrase the following sentences and words.

  1) Which do you prefer, horse - riding or shooting?

  Which do you like better, horse - riding or shooting ?

  2)I prefer horse - riding to shooting.

  I like horse-riding better than shooting.

  3)In fact, I'm on our city team.

  In fact, I'm working for/belonging to our city team.

Step Ⅳ Oral practise

  1)Let the Ss make similar dialogues according to the following pictures

Names: football, basketball, sailing, jumping, running, swimming, shooting, wrestling

-Do you often have sports?

  -Sure/Of course.

  -Which sport do you prefer, . . . or. . . ?

  -I prefer. . . to. . .

Step ⅤSummary

  1. Ask the Ss to sum up all the expressions and structures in this lesson.

  Which do you prefer, ...or...?

  I prefer, ..to...

  have sports, be good at, read out, exciting

  2. Let the Ss make some sentences using these expressions and structures.

Step Ⅵ Homework

  1. Finish the exercises in this lesson.

  2. Revise the names of different sports.

  3. Preview Lesson 38.

Lesson 38教学设计方案

I: Teaching Aims and Demands
  1. Have a good understanding of the text
  2. Language points

  3.Master the Attributive clause with prep.+which/whom

  4. Get the students to understand the history ,spirits and meanings of the Olympic Games

ІI: Important and Difficult Points
  1.the same …as…

  2.the different uses and meanings of time

  3. prep .+which / whom+ clause

IV: Teaching Procedure

STEP I. Revision :

1.Revise the names of some sports:

  horse riding, shooting, wrestling, sailing

2.Allow the Ss some minutes to make up dialogues with the names of different sports and practise the following structures.

  Which do you prefer, ...or...?

  I prefer. . . to. . .

STEP II Warming-up:
  1. The T shows the picture of the Olympic Flag to the Ss. The teacher may ask a question like this: “Do you know the Olympic flag?”

  2. Ask them to discuss the Olympic Flag.

  There are five rings joined together. The five rings stand for five continents. They are Asia, America, Africa Europe, and Oceania. They are joined together as a sign of friendship. The different colours stand for different continents. Asia: yellow; America: red; Africa: black; Europe: blue; Oceania: green

STEPIII Listening:

  I. Listen to the tape twice, then T show some numbers to the Ss

  1)4 years  2)776BC   3)393AD  4)1896(311/13)  5)1984   6)1992(8,000/150//250/16/12)

  II. Allow the Ss enough time to discuss the meanings of these numbers first in groups and then  in class. The T should write some key words on the Bb.

  1) every 4 years, take part in

  2) around the year 776BC, the old Olympics

  3) about the year 393AD, stop

  4) in 1894, the first Olympic Games, 311 competitors, 13 countries

  5)in 1984,4 gold medals

  6) in 1992, 8, 000 competitors, 150 countries, 16 gold medals, 12 gold medals won by women

STEP ⅣReading:

  Ask the Ss to read the text from the beginning to the end and try to find out the answer to the following question.

  1) How often are the Olympic Games held?

  2) When and where did the old Olympic Games begin?

  3) When did the Olympic Games stop?

  4) When did the first Olympic Games in modem times happen?

  5) How many competitors were there in the 1896 games?

  6) In which Olympic Games did Carl Lewis win 4 gold medals?

  7) When and where did the 25th Olympic Games begin?

  8) How many competitors went there?

  9) How many gold medals did the Chinese team win in Barcelona?

  10) How many gold medals were won by the Chinese women?

StepⅤLanguage points:

  Ask the Ss to sum up the new words and expressions and help them to explain them in English. Write the new words and expressions on the Bb.

  athlete → a person who is very good at sports and who competes in games

  compete→ to try to win in competition with someone else

  competitor→ someone who takes part in a competition

  unusual →something strange, not usual

  motto→ a short sentence or a few words taken as the guiding principle of a person and the way he believes.

  swift→fast

  prize→something of value given to someone who is successful in a game, race, competition, etc.

  take part in→work. or play with other people in. 

  2. Ask the Ss to fill in the gaps with the new words

  1. John ____ for a place at their school, but didn’t get in.

  2. During the ____, they exchanged experience with the players from other countries.

  3.____ will be given for the three best stories.

  4. You will need a ____ horse to take you there.

  5. Don't lose hope; remember the ____ “Never say die”.

  6.I like that painting; it's most____.

  7. British ____ won five gold medals in the Olympics.

  8. Tell the ____ for the next race to come here.

  9. Did you ____ ____ ____ the fighting?

  Keys: competed; competitions; Prizes; swift; motto; unusual; athletes; competitors; take part in

STEP Ⅵ:Discussion:

  1.Where will the 2008 Olympic Games be held ?

  2.What do you think you prepare for the 2008 Olympic Games ?

  3.Discus where and when several Olympic Games hold in modern times?

STEP Ⅶ:Exercise:

  Ask the Ss to fill in the passage according to the text.

  The Olympic Games are held every   1   years. Athletes   2   all over the world   3   it.

  The old Olympic Games began around the year  4  in Greece. Many of the sports were the same   5   they are now.   6  were not allowed to take part in it.

  After about the year  7  the Olympic Games stopped. For  8  there were no Olympic Games.

  The first Olympic Games  9   happened in   10 . It was held in Greece. There are   11

 competitors from just   12  countries. In 1992 over   13   competitors from more than   14  countries went to Barcelona for the   15   Summer Olympics! There are over   16   different sports in the games. Sailing, horse riding and shooting are some of the unusual sports. In Barcelona the Chinese team got   17   gold medals, of which   18   were won by women.

STEP Ⅷ Summary

  1. We know the history, spirit and meaning of the Olympic Games.

  2 .We have learned some language points

  3 .prep. +which/whom

STEP Ⅸ Homework:

  1. Finish off the exercises in this lesson.

  2. Read the passage again.

  3. Retell the text

  4. Point out the Attributive Clause in this lesson.

 

探究活动

Discussion:
教师给学生题目进行探讨,如:Which sport do you like best?,教师可提供与此体育运动名称相关词组,如:prefer, good at, badminton, gymnastics, archery, rowing, skating, so on.教师可简单给学生一个范例,如:
I love sports. I prefer badminton to rowing. In fact, I’m also good at skating…….