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时间: 2008-08-03 栏目: 高一英语教案


教学目标

Teaching aims and requirement
  本单元教学是使学生能够熟练运用语言表示问候和祝愿,并对他人的问候和祝愿予以正确答应。复习现在进行时的用法,了和掌握现在进行时表示将来的用法。根据课文的内容熟悉写旅游日记。
Teaching important and difficult points
1.Words and expressions
  separate, guide, sharp, destroy, through, across, travel, trip, journey, go off see. . . off take a taxi/train/bus. . . ,by taxi/train/bus. . . ,tie. . . to, move on, be made from/of/into/by/,in. . . every two or three days
2.Useful phases
  be about to do; nothing except/but. . .
3. Oral expressions
  Give my regards to. . .
  Have a nice /good/wonderful time!
  Have a good/pleasant trip!
  Say “Hi/Hello” to sb. from me.
  Good luck!
  The same to you!
4.Grammar
  Revise the Present Continuous Tense is often used for plans in the near future.

 

教学建议

一、能力训练

  1.设置若干情境,用现在进行时自编对话,安排未来的学习和生活,并对对方的计划提出良好祝愿。

  2.讨论森林遭到破坏的原因。

  3.学会制订旅行计划,思考如何解决野外旅行时遇到的意外及如何写好旅行日记。

二、德育渗透

  1.旅行的意义:开阔视野,丰富知识,陶冶情操等。

  2.我国是个森林覆盖率极低的国家,如何保护森林、合理利用现有耕地是个有待解决的问题。

三、互动教学

  1.回答问题及叛断正误

  2.朗读对话

  3.学生自编相似情境的对话

  4.分组讨论

口语训练建议

  1.教师在组织教学的方向,不讲或少讲汉语,尽量给学生创造英语真实情景。教师可通过形体语言,表情等示意,帮助学生听懂课堂用语和日常交际用语。

  2.  创设一个人合乎情理,符合逻辑的语言环境。本单元是围绕travel这一话题为主题,教师与学生通过面对面的交流如:Do you like traveling? When are you going to….?Have a nice time, so on.教师也可提供给学生们真实的录像,对本单元的主要交际用语反复练习,如:角色扮演,学生自述等。

语法建议

  本单元的语法是现在进行时表示将来时的用法,教师一定要注意遵循精讲多的原则,通过大量的练习和反复的实践使学生理解并能熟练运用,形成比较自然的语言习惯。比如:教师可用来去几个词,come, go, arrive, set off等词语用口语的从式进行操练和练习。

教材分析

  本单元通过给出假日之行的有关,主要是学习如何写旅游日记的写作知识,本文的对话主要是祝愿,问候,转达致意的基本表达方法。本单元的语法重点是用现在进行时表示将来的行为动作的用法,一些重点词汇的用法在本单元出现如:separate, see…off等词,词汇的辨析trip, journey, travel的区别,in, after表示时间的区别,except, besides, but, make…from, make of make…into,及what, how引导的感叹句等在课文和对话中均是本单元中需要掌握的重点内容。

教学重点・难点

1.separate adj.

  ―forming a unit which is distinct and which exists apart个别的,单独的

  Jane and Betty are going on separate holidays in a few days’ tune.简与贝蒂几天后就要各自休假了。

  ---divided; not joined or united 分离的,分开的

  Although both these shops sell vegetables, they are quite separate. 虽然这两个商店都卖蔬菜,但是他们是独立经营。

  v. ―make, become or keep separate 使分离,分开,隔开

  England is separated from France by the Channel. 英法两国由英吉利海峡隔开。

  separate sth. /sb. / from sth. (some place)把……与……分开;把……与某地分开

  We should never separate from the masses. 我们绝不应该脱离群众。

2.destroy

  vt.-break into pieces; make useless; put an end to 毁灭,毁坏,破坏

  The houses were destroyed by a fire [a flood, an earthquake].房屋被火灾[水灾, 地震]所毁。

  It can easily be destroyed by the burning and by the cows.它很容易被烧毁和被牛损坏。

  Don't destroy that box, it may be useful.不要把那个盒子毁掉,它也许有用。

  3) guide

  n.-person who shows the way, esp. a person employed to point out interesting sights on a journey or visit 向导

  Our guide buys some food from the villagers and we cook it ourselves.我们的向导从村民那儿买了些食物后,我们亲自烹调。

  The guide led us into that mountain. 导游带我们进山了。

  v.-act as guide to 引导;指导

  The Party guides us forward from victory to victory. 党指引我们从胜利走向胜利。

guide 和 lead 的区别

  1) guide指充当向导,率先而行,对所走的路或所干的事非常精通。

  He guided the child across the forest. 他领着孩子穿过森林。

  2) lead指在前面带路,让别人跟着走。

  He led us to a room upstairs. 他把我们带到楼上的一个房间里。

  4)sight

  1)n.―sth. that is seen, esp. sth. remarkable; sth. which looks very bad or laugh景象,景物,尤指显著物;很难看或很可笑的事物

  What a sad sight it was! 那是多么凄惨的景象啊!

  What a sight you are! 你多惹人注意啊!

  2)-the power of the eye; limit within which seeing is possible 视力,视觉

  The Grand Canyon is one of the sights of the world. 大峡谷是世界名胜之一。

  have good( poor) sight( eyesight) 视力良好(不好)/ in( within) sight; out of sight看得见;看不见

  Land was not yet in sight. 陆地仍然望不见 / Victory was still out of sight. 胜利尚不可及

  7)see sb. off

  ―go to the railway station, dock, airport, etc. with sb., who is starting on a journey 到火车站,码头,飞机场等送某人

  Is anybody seeing you off? 有人送你吗?

  the same usage:

  1) see something (somebody) out (through)办好某事(送某人出去);使某事顺利通过

  2) see somebody later (again)再见

  注意:以上例句中out, off, through, later (again)都是adv.。如果动词宾语是代词,应把宾语置于以上副词之前。

交际用语

  1.向某人表示问候

  A. Give my regards/ best wishes / love to…

  B. Say “Hi/Hello/ Sorry/ Yes/ No” to sb.

  2.祝愿某人

  Have a nice/ good/ wonderful time.

  ―Have a nice weekend!

  ―The same to you.

  3.问某人或某事情况如何

  How about sb./ sth.?

语法:现在进行时表示将来时态的用法

be + v-ing表一般将来时态

  go, come, leave, start, arrive, move, stay等瞬间动词用于进行时态时,表示将来含义。如:

  I’m leaving for Beijing tomorrow. 明天我要去北京。

英语中表示将来时态的结构还有下列几种:

  l)will/ shall +动词原形。

  They will go to visit the Great Wall tomorrow.

  2)be going to do sth. 表示打算要做或准备要做某事,或将要发生或肯定要发生的事。如:It is going to snow.天要下雪了。

  3)一般现在时表将来时,表示按计划或时刻表要发生的事,仅用于come, get, go, leave, start, stay等表来去的少数动词。如:

  The plane leaves at seven. So I think we’ll take a taxi to the airport.飞机7点起飞,所以我们将要乘出租车去机场。

  4)be about to do sth. 表正要做某事,但不和具体的时间连用。如:

  I was about to leave when he came to see me. 我正要离开,这时他来看我。

4.Jane and Betty are going on separate holidays in a few days’ time.

   I’m going there for holiday with my parents.

   holiday是指“节假日”。较短的节假日一般用单数,较长的节假日单复数均可。

   Sunday is a holiday.

  The summer holidays begin.

  They had a five day’s holiday.

  They had a five-day holiday.

  They had a holiday of five days.

  搭配一:for holiday 度假

  A French student went to London for his holiday.

  搭配二:on holiday 正在休假

  She is on holiday in France.

  [注意]表示放多少天假时,只能用 “a holiday of … days”, “…days’ holiday”或 “…day holiday”.

  This summer we have 50 days’ holidays.

  This summer we have a holiday of 50 (days).

  搭配三:have/take/spend a holiday 度假

  I spent my holiday in the village.

  搭配四:summer vacation 暑假

  [注意]在英国英语中表示“假期”时,vacation同holiday,但在美国英语中,vacation多指大学假期,且一般不用复数形式。

  搭配五:sick leave病假

  [注意] leave多指军队等的假期,亦指病假。

  辨析 shout at/shout to

  shout at 的意思是“对某人大声叫嚷”含有警告责备等含义。shout to 则是“大声喊叫某人”,使对方能听到喊声。例如:

   (1)Why shout at me all the time? Is it possible that I have done something wrong?   为什么老对我大叫大嚷?莫非我做错了什么?

  (2)I heard someone shout to me in the distance. 我听到有人在远处叫我。
教学设计方案----Lesson 13

(一)Teaching Aims

  1. To understand the dialogue fully.

  2. To develop the Ss' ability to make similar dialogues using present continuous tense for the plan in the near future.

  3. To study the usage of some words and expressions in the dialogues.

 (二) Teaching procedures

Step I Introduction

  Tell the Ss that in this period we are going to study a dialogue between two girls and learn to talk about the future plan in the Present Continuous Tense and try to make a travel plan for a holiday.

Step II Dialogue

  1. T: National Day is coming. We will have a holiday. How are you going to spend it? Are you going to travel? If “yes”, answer the questions below:

  1 ) Where are you going?         2) Why are you going there?

  3) When are you starting off?     4) How are you travelling there?

  5) Is anybody seeing you off or meeting you?

  6) How long are you going to stay?

   ( Ask these questions in the Present Continuous Tense. )

  2. Introduce the dialogue in brief to the Ss

Step Ⅲ Listening

  1. Listen to the dialogue twice with the books closed.

  2. After listening, ask the Ss to fill in the following form with the information in the dialogue.

Who

Where to go

When to leave

How to go

Whom to stay with

How long to stay

Jane

         

Betty

         

Step ⅣReading

1.T play the recorder one or twice, the Ss follow it to read. Then ask them read loudly by themselves.

  2.After reading, let the Ss judge whether the following statements are true or false according to the information in the dialogue. Do it orally.

  1) Betty is going off to Guangzhou next Friday afternoon. (False)

  2) Nobody is seeing her off. (False) .

  3) Her plane leaves at seven and they'll take a taxi to the airport. (True)

  4) Betty is staying with her friend in a hotel although the hotels in Guangzhou are expensive.  (False)

  5) She is going there by train. (False)

  6) She is staying there just for the weekend. (True)

  7) Betty and Jane wish each other a good trip. (True)

Step Ⅴ Language points

  1.Prepare some sentences and ask the Ss to fill in the blanks using the words and expressions in the dialogue.

  1).Jane and Betty are going on ____holidays in a few ____time.

  2)When are you going to ____Guangzhou?

  3)Is anybody ____you off?

  4)Do give her my____.

  5)____a good trip!

  2. Point out some of the words and expressions.

  1.separate   2.see..off    3.in a few weeks’ time= in a few weeks  5.Please say “Hi” to sb.

  6.The Present Continuous Tense----Future Use  

Step Ⅵ Practice

  1. Make a summary of the Present Continuous Tense. Tell the Ss that the present continuous tense. can be used for a plan in the future. Come, go, leave, start and so on are often used in this way.

  2. Make similar dialogues. Given situations:

  1) You are going to have a football match.

  2) You are going to see a film.

  3) You are going to meet a friend on Sunday.

  Allow them a few minutes to make dialogues in pairs. Then ask them to play in the front of the class.

Step Ⅶ Workbook

  Finish Ex. I and 2 on Page 72 as quickly as possible.

StepⅧ Homework

  Make a travel plan    

教学设计方案---Lesson 14-15

(一)Teaching Aims

  1. To make clear the meanings of some of the difficult sentences.

  2. To come to know about the causes of the forest's being destroyed and find about the ways to protect the forest.

 (二)Teaching procedures

Step I Introduction

  1.Tell the Ss in this period we’ll discuss the causes why the forest is being or to be destroyed and how we can protect them.

  2. T gives a brief introduction to the passage using the pictures in the textbook.

Step II Listening

  1.T play the recorder twice, let the Ss listen carefully.

  2.After listening, T will give some questions in order to check the Ss’ listening comprehend?

  1)      What’s the main idea about the text?

  2)      What’s happening to the forest?

Step III Reading

  1.T gives the Ss some minutes to read the text loudly.

  2. Ask the students to read Part One silently and quickly and answer the following questions orally.

  1) Where is the writer when she is writing the diary?

  2) How do they have to travel? Why?

  3) What do they eat for supper?

  4) What can they hear at night?

  3. Read Part Two carefully and answer the questions below.

  1) What did they see when they flew over the forest?

  2) How is the population of the country?

  3) What do they do after they move to the forest?

  4) Why do they plant crops for cows?

  5) How often do they move on to another place?

  6) What will happen to the soil when the soil is destroyed?

Answers:

Part One

  1) On a rock.

  2) By boat. Because there aren't any roads.

  3) Chickens, eggs, buds or monkeys.

  4) The strange sounds of wild birds and animals.

Part Two

  1) Nothing but a great fire and lots of smoke.

  2) It is growing every minute.

  3) They burn the forest and plant crops.

  4) To sell their beef at a high price in the capital.

  5) Every two or three years.

  6) It will become sand again.

Step Ⅳ Language points

  Difficult sentences in the text

  1) . . .they can eat a person in two minutes, leaving only bones. = they can eat a person very quickly and only the bones will be left.

  2) . . . I was just about to go swimming when lucidly our guide saw me and shouted at me. . .      = It was lucky for me that out guide was in time to stop me before I went into the river.

  3) The population of the country is increasing every minute. = In every minute many babies are born, so the peculation is growing very fast in the country.

Step Ⅴ Workbook

  1.       Finish Ex. 2 on Page 73 as quickly as possible. Ask the Ss practise in pairs

  2.       As to Ex. 3 an Page 73,let the Ss do it by themselves.

Step Ⅵ Practice

  T organize Ss in group to discuss the following the questions, then ask someone to answer individually

  1) Why is the forest destroyed?   2) What should be done to protect the forest?

Answers:

  1) People move to the forest and they bum the trees to plant crops for the cows to make a living.

  2) Control the population, provide them jobs, make laws to protect the forest, and so on.

Step Ⅶ Homework

  1. Ex. 2 and 3on Page 74

  2.Try to retell the text in your own words.

 

探究活动

  1.Discuss in groups
  1) Why do you travel and what it brings you?
  2) How yon plan for an imaginary travel and what you should prepare for a travel?
  2.教师组织学生们根据自己旅游的经历,假设自己是一位导游,描述某一天的旅游过程。教师给学生们一些词语和提示如:
  1)date and the place to visit 2)how many travelers, 3)how to get there, 4)other activities, 5)anything special, 6)what time you are back, so on.